Narcotic Culture: A History of Drugs in China

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C. Hurst & Co. Publishers, 2004 - Drug abuse - 319 pages
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China was turned into a nation of opium addicts by the pernicious forces of imperialist trade. This study systematically questions this assertion on the basis of abundant archives from China, Europe and the US, showing that opium had few harmful effects on either health or longevity.
 

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Contents

The Global Spread of Psychoactive Substances c16001900
10
Opium in Europe and Asia
16
The opium trade in East Asia
21
Opium Before the Opium War c 16001840
24
Minerals alcohol and tea culture
29
The spread of madak c 16601780
32
From madak to opium c 17801820
36
Traders pirates and opium 17931820
39
Missionary asylums and the opium cure
122
The persecution of opiate users in republican China
125
Prohibition and detoxification
130
Detoxification treatments against addiction
135
The judicial killing of Addicts
142
Pills and Powders The Spread of SemiSynthetic Opiatesc 19001940
146
Morphine
147
Medical culture miracle cures and magic pills
151

the Opium War
42
Opium for the People Status Space and Consumption c 18401940
46
Varities of opium
49
Estimates of opium consumption
51
Opium a social status
57
Opium consumption and consumer taste
62
The myth of the opium den
65
Opium for the people
68
Opium and suicide
70
The Best Possible and Sure Shield Opium Disease and Epidemics c 18401900
74
Opium as a medical panacea
75
Prophylactic smoke and infectious diseases
79
Opium narcotine and malaria
83
Opium as a social aphrodisiac
88
War on Drugs Prohibition and the Rise of Narcophobia c 18801940
93
Missionary debates on prohibition
96
The Royal Commission on Opium
101
Nationalism and prohibition in late imperial China
104
Narcophobia and the opium plague in republican China
111
Curing the Addict Prohibition and Detoxification c 18801940
118
Miracle cures in the nineteenth century
119
The gentle drug
155
The mysterious red pills
156
Golden elixirs and white powders
160
Heroin as a global commodity
165
The resilience of opium smoking
170
Needle Lore The Syringe in China c 18901950
173
Needle culture
174
Hypodermic morphine and the magic needle
176
Syringes vaccines patents and quacks
179
Narcotic culture and the syringe
184
Chinas Other Drugs c 19001950
192
Cocaine and ephedrine
195
Cannabis
199
The cigarette
201
Conclusion
206
Bibliography
270
Printed primary sources
273
Secondary sources
292
Character List
307
Index
313
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