View of the state of Europe during the Middle ages. 2 vols. [with] Supplemental notes

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Page 4 - VI. Moreover we have granted for us and our heirs, as well to archbishops, bishops, abbots, priors, and other folk of holy Church, as also to earls, barons, and to all the commonalty of the land, that for no business from henceforth...
Page 140 - Charter and other the laws and statutes of this your realm, no man ought to be adjudged to death, but by the laws established in this your realm...
Page 159 - ... ranks flourished remarkably, not only in commercial towns, but among the cultivators of the soil. " There is scarce a small village," says Sir J. Fortescue, " in which you may not find a knight, an esquire, or some substantial householder, (paterfamilias,) commonly called a frankleyn,1 possessed of considerable estate ; besides others who are called freeholders, and many yeomen of estates sufficient to make a substantial jury.
Page 294 - An army marching under the emperor Otho I. was so terrified by an eclipse of the sun, which it conceived to announce this consummation, as to disperse hastily on all sides. As this notion seems to have been founded on some confused theory of the millennium, it naturally died away when the seasons proceeded in the eleventh century with their usual regularity.
Page 446 - The great characteristic excellence of Dante is elevation of sentiment, to which his compressed diction and the emphatic cadences of his measure admirably correspond. We read him, not as an amusing poet, but as a master of moral wisdom, with reverence and awe. Fresh from the deep and serious, though somewhat barren studies of philosophy, and schooled in the severer discipline of experience, he has made of his poem a mirror of his mind and life, the register of his solicitudes and sorrows, and of...
Page 352 - Suger, however, a century before, had adorned his great work, the Abbey of St Denis, with windows, not only glazed but painted ; and I presume that other churches of the same class, both in France and England, especially after the lancetshaped window had yielded to one of ampler dimensions, were generally decorated in a similar manner. Yet glass is said not to have been employed in the domestic architecture of France before the fourteenth century ; and its introduction into England was probably by...
Page 110 - ... sheriff and Oneby, the knight returned, as well as for Thorp, who had been duly elected, and having examined into the facts of the case, directed the return to be amended by the insertion of Thorp's name, and committed the sheriff to the Fleet till he should pay a fine at the king's pleasure.
Page 101 - ... that they ought not to answer to that question ; for it hath not been used aforetime that the Justices should in anywise determine the privilege of this high court of parliament; for it is so high and so mighty in its nature, that it may make law ; and that that is law, it may make no law; and the determination and knowledge of that privilege belongeth to the Lords of the parliament and not to the Justices...
Page 314 - These provisions, like most others of that age, were unlikely to produce much amendment. It was only the milder species, however, of feudal lords who were content with the tribute of merchants. The more ravenous descended from their fortresses to pillage the wealthy traveller, or shared in the spoil of inferior plunderers, whom they both protected and instigated.
Page 304 - Eligius, a saint of the seventh century, who comes frequently to church ; who presents an oblation that it may be offered to God on the altar, who does not taste the fruits of his land till he has consecrated a part of them to God ; who can repeat the creed or the Lord's prayer. Redeem your souls from punishment while it is in your power ; offer presents and tithes to churches, light candles in holy places, as much as you can afford, come more frequently to church, implore the protection of the saints...

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