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accus acquired animals attention balls become body brain bundles of habits called centres know cerebrum chain conscious discharge ditions easily the movement Edcl emotions expression feeling functional activity Green grows guiding sensations habit of excessive habitual action Henry Holt Houdin idea ideational centres impulse to keep infinitesimally small amount knitting learned Life's Ideals Longmans ma\e maxim mechanical menschliche Mental Physiology ments mode modified motor effects move muscles muscular contraction nerve-current nerve-substance nerves nervous system nervous tissue never nutrition occur once one's organ outset outward cause path perception performed period of growth philosophy of habit physi physical plasticity play possible practical Principles of Psychology prompted reflex arc reproduction result secondarily automatic sense and motion sort Spencer's spinal cord structure success tendency thing thought tion train train of thought traversed tual unwonted line violin volition wave of rearrangement whole WILLIAM JAMES York
Page 67 - We are spinning our own fates, good or evil, and never to be undone. Every smallest stroke of virtue or of vice leaves its never so little scar. The drunken Rip Van Winkle, in Jefferson's play, excuses himself for every fresh dereliction by saying, 'I won't count this time!
Page 52 - ... by the natives of the desert and the frozen zone. It dooms us all to fight out the battle of life upon the lines of our nurture or our early choice, and to make the best of a pursuit that disagrees, because there is no other for which we are fitted, and it is too late to begin again. It keeps different social strata from mixing.
Page 54 - The great thing, then, in all education, is to make our nervous system our ally instead of our enemy. It is to fund and capitalize our acquisitions, and live at ease upon the interest of the fund. For this we must make automatic and habitual, as early as possible, as many useful actions as we can, and guard against the growing into ways that are likely to be disadvantageous to us, as we should guard against the plague.
Page 64 - One becomes filled with emotions which habitually pass without prompting to any deed, and so the inertly sentimental condition is kept up. The remedy would be, never to suffer one's self to have an emotion at a concert, without expressing it afterward in some active way. Let the expression be the least thing in the world — speaking genially to one's aunt, or giving up one's seat in a horse-car, if nothing more heroic offers — but let it not fail to take place.
Page 53 - The merchants offer their wares as eagerly to him as to the veriest ' swell,' but he simply cannot buy the right things. An invisible law, as strong as gravitation, keeps him within his orbit, arrayed this year as he was the last ; and how his better-bred acquaintances contrive to get the things they wear will be for him a mystery till his dying day.
Page 68 - As we become permanent drunkards by so many separate drinks, so we become saints in the moral, and authorities and experts in the practical and scientific spheres, by so many separate acts and hours of work. Let no youth have any anxiety about the upshot of his education, whatever the line of it may be. If he keep faithfully busy each hour of the workingday, he may safely leave the final result to itself.
Page 61 - No matter how full a reservoir of maxims one may possess, and no matter how good one's sentiments may be, if one has not taken advantage of every concrete opportunity to act, one's character may remain entirely unaffected for the better. With mere good intentions, hell is proverbially paved. And this is an obvious consequence of the principles we have laid down. A "character...
Page 60 - Seize the very first possible opportunity to act on every resolution you make and on every emotional prompting you may experience in the direction of the habits you aspire to gain. It is not in the moment of their forming, but in the moment of their producing motor effects, that resolves and aspirations communicate the new " set
Page 6 - Plasticity, then, in the wide sense of the word, means the possession of a structure weak enough to yield to an influence, but strong enough not to yield all at once. Each relatively stable phase of equilibrium in such a structure is marked by what we may call a new set of habits. Organic matter, especially nervous tissue, seems endowed with a very extraordinary degree of plasticity of this sort...