The Protestant International and the Huguenot Migration to Virginia
In 1700, King William III assigned Charles de Sailly to accompany Huguenot refugees to Manakin Town on the Virginia frontier. The existing explanation for why this migration was necessary is overly simplistic and seriously conflated. Based largely on English-language sources with an English Atlantic focus, it contends that King William III, grateful to the French Protestant refugees who helped him invade England during the Glorious Revolution (1688) and win victory in Ireland (1691), rewarded these refugees by granting them 10,000 acres in Virginia on which to settle.
Using French-language sources and a wider, more European focus than existing interpretations, this book offers an alternative explanation. It delineates a Huguenot refugee resettlement network within a «Protestant International», highlighting the patronage of both King William himself and his valued Huguenot associate, Henri de Ruvigny (Lord Galway). By 1700, King William was politically battered by the interwoven pressures of an English reaction against his high-profile foreign favorites (Galway among them) and the Irish land grants he had awarded to close colleagues (to Galway and others). This book asserts that King William and Lord Galway sponsored the Manakin Town migration to provide an alternate location for Huguenot military refugees in the worst-case scenario that they might lose their Irish refuge.
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America April Atlantic Benjamin de Joux Brief Historical Relation Brock Cambridge Carolana Chambrier Charles de Sailly church colony Council of Trade Council of Virginia Coxe's CSPC CSPD Daniel Coxe Dauphine Dictionary of National dissertation Documents Relating Dutch earl Edict of Nantes England English government France French Protestant military French Protestant refugees French refugees Galway's Glorious Revolution Governor Nicholson Henri Arnaud Henri de Mirmand historians historiography Huguenot refugees Huguenot Society Ireland Joux's King William letter Lord Galway Lord Justice Louis XIV Luttrell Manakin Town March Mary and Anne Michel migration Mirmand Muce National Biography Norfolk County October Olivier Oxford Dictionary pastor persecution Piedmont political Portarlington Portland proposed Protestant International refugee resettlement Revocation settle Settlement at Manakin ship Society of London Sussex Academic Press Swiss Cantons Trade and Plantations United Provinces University Press Vaudois Victor Amadeus Virginia vols voyage Waldensian Waller William and Mary William Byrd William Byrd II William III York