Rivers and Streams
Britannica Educational Publishing, Oct 1, 2010 - Juvenile Nonfiction - 288 pages
Winding their way through the planet s landscapes and supplying some of its most prosperous cities with fresh water, food, and transportation conduits, rivers and streams have critical ecological and economic significance. As they carve out waterfalls, valleys, canyons, deltas, and a host of other landforms, they also support a diversity of organisms and connect disparate regions. Accompanied by extraordinary color photographs, this volume examines the characteristics of these captivating channels as well as their greatest threats and profiles some of the world s prominent rivers.
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CHAPTER 2 DRAINAGE PATTERNS AND GEOMETRY
CHAPTER 3 STREAMFLOW AND SEDIMENT YIELD
VALLEYS CANYONS FLOODPLAINS AND RIVER TERRACES
ALLUVIAL FANS DELTAS AND ESTUARIES
CHAPTER 6 MAJOR RIVERS OF AFRICA
CHAPTER 7 MAJOR RIVERS OF THE AMERICAS
CHAPTER 8 MAJOR RIVERS OF ASIA AND AUSTRALIA
CHAPTER 9 MAJOR RIVERS OF EUROPE
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ALLUVIAL FANS alluvium Amazon Amazon basin average bank bed load Blue Nile braided canyons climate conﬂuence Congo course cubic feet cubic metres dams Danube decreases deﬁned delta plain deposits depth developed discharge downstream drain drainage basin Earth’s entrenchment eroded erosion estuary falls fan surface ﬁll ﬁrst ﬂat ﬂood ﬂoodplain ﬂow ﬂuvial geologic glacial glaciers gorges gradient HYDROLOGY inches increase inﬂuence Irtysh Lake Lake Nasser length lower maximum meander million Mountains mouth navigable Niger Nile River occur ocean Parana peak percent Plateau precipitation processes proﬁle rainfall rains reaches reﬂects region reservoir result Rhéne Rhine rise river channels river ﬂows river system rocks runoff sea level season sedi sediment load sediment yield signiﬁcant silt slope square km square miles stream terrace tidal tion transport tributaries upper upstream valley ﬂoor vegetation waterfalls White Nile width Yangtze Yenisey Yenisey River