Fundamentals of Structural Geology

Front Cover
Fundamentals of Structural Geology provides a new framework for the investigation of geological structures by integrating field mapping and mechanical analysis. Assuming a basic knowledge of physical geology, introductory calculus and physics, it emphasizes the observational data, modern mapping technology, principles of continuum mechanics, and the mathematical and computational skills, necessary to quantitatively map, describe, model, and explain deformation in Earth's lithosphere. By starting from the fundamental conservation laws of mass and momentum, the constitutive laws of material behavior, and the kinematic relationships for strain and rate of deformation, the authors demonstrate the relevance of solid and fluid mechanics to structural geology. This book offers a modern quantitative approach to structural geology for advanced students and researchers in structural geology and tectonics. It is supported by a website hosting images from the book, additional colour images, student exercises and MATLAB scripts. Solutions to the exercises are available to instructors.
 

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Contents

Structural mapping techniques and tools
25
Characterizing structures using differential
75
Physical quantities fields dimensions
120
Deformation and flow
152
Force traction and stress
194
Conservation of mass and momentum
243
Field equations for the elastic solid and viscous fluid
276
Eastic deformation
287
Brittle behavior
333
Viscous flow
384
I Rheological behavior
421
Model development and methodology
456
References
478
Index
497
Copyright

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About the author (2005)

David Pollard is the Morris Professor of Earth Sciences at Stanford University.

Raymond Fletcher is a Senior Research Associate in the Department of Geosciences at the Penn State University.

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