The Lesbian Menace: Ideology, Identity, and the Representation of Lesbian Life

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Univ of Massachusetts Press, 1997 - Literary Criticism - 256 pages
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Electroshock. Hysterectomy. Lobotomy. These are only three of the many "cures" to which lesbians have been subjected in this century. How does a society develop such a profound aversion to a particular minority? In what ways do images in the popular media perpetuate cultural stereotypes about lesbians, and to what extent have lesbians been able to subvert and revise those images? This book addresses these and other questions by examining how lesbianism has been represented in American popular culture in the twentieth century and how conflicting ideologies have shaped lesbian experiences and identity.

In the first section, "Inventing the Lesbian," Sherrie A. Inness explores depictions of lesbians in popular texts aimed primarily at heterosexual consumers. She moves from novels of the 1920s to books about life at women's colleges and boarding schools, to such contemporary women's magazines as Cosmopolitan, Glamour, and Vogue.

In the next section, "Forms of Resistance," Inness probes the ways in which lesbians have refashioned texts intended for a heterosexual audience or created their own narratives. One chapter shows how lesbian readers have reinterpreted the Nancy Drew mysteries, looking at them from a distinctly "queer" perspective. Another chapter addresses the changing portrayal of lesbians in children's books over the past two decades.

The last section, "Writing in the Margins," scrutinizes the extent to which lesbians, themselves a marginalized group, have created a society that relegates some of its own members to the outskirts. Topics include the geographic politics of lesbianism, the complex issue of "passing," and the meaning of butch identity in twentieth-century lesbian culture.

 

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Contents

Whos Afraid of Stephen Gordon? The Lesbian in the United States Popular Imagination of the 1920s
13
Malevolent neurotic and tainted The Lesbian Menace in Popular Womens College Fiction
33
Theyre here theyre flouncy dont worry about them Depicting Lesbians in Popular Womens Magazines 19651995
52
Is Nancy Drew Queer? Popular Reading Strategies for the Lesbian Reader
79
Candycoated cyanide Childrens Books and Lesbian Images
101
Lost in Space Queer Geography and the Politics of Location
131
To Pass or Not to Pass Thoughts on Passing and Lesbian Identities
158
GI Joes in Barbie Land Recontextualizing the Meaning of Butch in TwentiethCentury Lesbian Culture
178
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About the author (1997)

Sherrie A. Inness is assistant professor of English at Miami University and author of Intimate Communities: Representation and Social Transformation in Women's College Fiction, 1895-1910.

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