Cornerstones of Security: Arms Control Treaties in the Nuclear Era

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University of Washington Press, Jul 1, 2011 - History - 1408 pages
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This anthology presents the complete text of thirty-four treaties that have effectively contained the spread of nuclear, biological, and conventional weapons during the Cold War and beyond. The treaties are placed in historical context by individual commentaries from noted authorities Thomas Graham Jr. and Damien J. LaVera, which provide unique insights on each treaty s negotiation and implementation.

During the 1990s, numerous arms control agreements were concluded under U.N. or U.S. leadership. In 1995, one hundred sixty-five nations agreed to indefinitely extend the Nuclear Nonproliferation Treaty. Many nations ratified important chemical and biological weapons conventions, a pact to reduce conventional forces in Europe, and agreements to limit testing of weapons of mass destruction. More recent treaties seeking to restrain small arms trafficking and ban land mines are also highlighted and analyzed.

Graham concludes with lessons learned from the collective negotiation and verification history of these treaties, ongoing efforts to limit weaponry, and general observations on the status and effectiveness of these agreements. There is no comparable resource available for diplomats, international lawyers, and arms control specialists.

 

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Contents

17 The Convention on the Physical Protection of Nuclear Material
471
18 Convention on Certain Conventional Weapons
480
19 Nuclear Risk Reduction Centers
503
20 The Ballistic Missile Launch Notification Agreement
509
21 The IntermediateRange Nuclear Forces Treaty
512
22 The Conventional Armed Forces in Europe Treaty
592
23 The Open Skies Treaty
822
24 The Strategic Arms Reduction Treaties START I II
883

8 Special NonProliferation Treaty Safeguards Agreements The USVoluntary Safeguard Agreement
191
9 The Seabed Arms Control Treaty
283
10 The Accidents Measures Agreement
289
11 The Biological Weapons Convention
292
12 The Incidents at Sea Agreement
301
13 The Strategic Arms Limitation Talks
306
14 The Threshold Test Ban Treaty
372
15 The Peaceful Nuclear Explosions Treaty
434
16 The Environmental Modification Convention
464
25The Chemical Weapons Convention
1168
26The Agreed Framework
1268
27 Confidence and Security Measures Documents
1272
28 The Comprehensive Nuclear Test Ban Treaty
1375
29 The Ottawa Convention on Landmines
1441
30 Treaty on Strategic Offensive Reductions
1453
Conclusions
1460
Appendix
1466
Copyright

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About the author (2011)

Thomas Graham Jr. served as acting director of the U.S. Arms Control and Disarmament Agency and as Special Ambassador for Disarmament before retiring from government service in 1997. He is the author of Disarmament Sketches: Three Decades of Arms Control and International Law. Ambassador Graham currently serves as chairman and Damien J. LaVera as coordinator of the Lawyers Alliance for World Security in Washington, D.C.

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