Technical Reference Manual for the Standardization of Geographical Names
United Nations Group of Experts on Geographical Names, United Nations. Department of Economic and Social Affairs
United Nations Publications, 2007 - Business & Economics - 194 pages
This manual of the United Nations Group of Experts on Geographical Names addresses technical issues regarding national standardization of geographical names and their use in geo-referenced digital databases. It includes detailed information on romanization systems, toponymic data coding, and country names. The first section provides details of romanization systems - for 28 languages/scripts recommended by the United Nations and 17 under discussion. The second section refers to toponymic data transfer standards and formats, providing tables of Roman characters used in different languages, and a draft toponymic data exchange standard. The third section tabulates country names (short and formal names) in the language(s) and writing systems used in an official capacity within each country. The manual is an up-to-date technical reference for those working with digital data and ISO standards, and forms a partner volume to the "Manual for the National Standardization of Geographical Names" published in 2006.
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00C1 a Roman acute C9 acute F3 ar_R4 ar_Rl Arabic Perso-Arabic 0600-06FF as_R Basic Roman n/a Basic Roman Notes ber of characters BGN/PCGN bn_R BR+French extensions n/a breve caron AE caron BE 2,4 caron C8 cedilla Character Name ISO circumflex E2 consonant character Cyrillic D with stroke diacritical marks diaeresis diaeresis DC dot below Roman Dzongkha E Roman el_R English Basic Roman Extensions to Basic French BR+French extensions Geographical Names grave C8 Group of Experts gu_R h Roman hi_R hook international cartographic products ISO 8859 ISO/Unic km_R kn_R letter E letter h ligatures livo macron ml_R n/a Char Number of characters ogonek or_R pa_R ps_R Republic Roman capital letter Roman small letter romanization system romanization table Saami Standardization of Geographical syllable systems of romanization ta_R te_R Technical papers Tigrinya tilde Dl toponymic toponymic data UNGEGN United Nations United Nations Conference vowel Writing System zh_Rl