A Concise History of Modern India
A Concise History of Modern India, by Barbara D. Metcalf and Thomas R. Metcalf, has become a classic in the field since it was first published in 2001. As a fresh interpretation of Indian history from the Mughals to the present, it has informed students across the world. In the third edition of the book, a final chapter charts the dramatic developments of the last twenty years, from 1990 through the Congress electoral victory of 2009, to the rise of the Indian high-tech industry in a country still troubled by poverty and political unrest. The narrative focuses on the fundamentally political theme of the imaginative and institutional structures that have successively sustained and transformed India, first under British colonial rule and then, after 1947, as an independent country. Woven into the larger political narrative is an account of India's social and economic development, and its rich cultural life. Throughout, the authors argue that despite a powerful historiographical tradition to the contrary, no enduring meaning can be given to categories such as 'caste', 'Hindu', 'Muslim', or even 'India'.
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Sultans Mughals and precolonial Indian society
The emergence of regional states and the East India
The East India Company Raj 17721850
Revolt the modern state and colonized subjects 184 81885
Civil society colonial constraints 18851919
The crisis of the colonial order 19191939
Triumph and tragedy
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agriculture Ahmad areas army Aurangzeb Awadh beneﬁts Bengal Bihar Bombay Brahman Britain British Calcutta Cambridge caste central centre century civil colonial Company Company’s Concise History conﬂict country’s countryside cultural decades deﬁned East India economic elections elite emerged Empire English European favour ﬁgure ﬁlm ﬁnal ﬁrst Gandhi groups Gujarat Hindu History of India identiﬁed imperial increasingly independence Indian National inﬂuential institutions Islamic Jinnah Kashmir land language leaders liberal Lord Madras major Maratha ment military modern movement Mughal Mughal Empire Muslim League nationalist nawab Nehru non—cooperation ofﬁce ofﬁcers ofﬁcials organization Oxford and Delhi Pakistan peasant Plate political population princes provinces Punjab Rajiv Rajput reform regional religious revenue revolt rule rulers Sabha Sanskrit Sayyid secure Shah Shah Bano Sikh Singh social society sought subcontinent suﬁ Sultanate temple Thomas Metcalf tion took trade tradition University Press Urdu viceroy village women zamindars