## Mechanical Engineering and Machine Shop Practice |

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### Common terms and phrases

adjustment alloy angle arbor armature automatic axis belt bolted boring calipers carbon cast iron chip chisel chuck circuit clamped clearance cold chisel compression copper countersink curve cutting edge cutting speed cylinder depth designed desired diameter diametral pitch divided driving elastic limit Emery Wheel end mill engine feed feet per minute finishing flat force forging friction gage grinder grinding grooves hand hard hardened head heat holes horse-power lathe lathe tool lead screw lever lubricant manganese mechanism metal method micrometer Milling Cutters milling machine motor number of teeth obtained operation ordinary piece piston planer plate pounds pressure produced pulley reamer rope rotation roughing shaft shank shape side slide slot spindle square inch standard steam stroke surface tail-stock taper temperature tensile strength thread tool steel tooth torque try square turbine turning velocity vertical vise wire wrought iron

### Popular passages

Page 404 - Ampere, which is one-tenth of the unit of current of the CGS system of electromagnetic units and which is represented sufficiently well for practical use by the unvarying current which, when passed through a solution of nitrate of silver in water, in accordance with a certain specification, deposits silver at the rate of 0.001118 of a gramme per second.

Page 328 - The circular pitch is the distance from the center of one tooth to the center of the next tooth, measured along the pitch circle.

Page 112 - Vernier was moved to the right, so that the tenth division would coincide with the next one on the scale, which will make ten thousandths (.010) more to be added to two hundred and seventy-five thousandths (.275), making the jaws to be open two hundred and eighty-five thousandths (.285).

Page 56 - When the oil has become hard, the bottle is removed from the freezing mixture and the frozen oil allowed to soften, being stirred and thoroughly mixed at the same time by means of the thermometer until the mass will run from one end of the bottle to the other. The reading of the thermometer, when this is the case, is regarded as the cold test of the oil.

Page 82 - It may seem strange to say that a slide rule enables a good mechanic to double the output of a machine which has been run, for example, for ten years by a first-class machinist having exceptional knowledge of and experience with his machine, and who has been using his best judgment. Yet, our observation shows that, on the average, this understates the fact.

Page 329 - If the diameter of the pitch circle is 10 inches, and the diametral pitch is 4, multiply 10 by 4, and the product, 40, will be the number of teeth in the gear.

Page 404 - The unit of capacity shall be what is known as the international farad, which is the capacity of a condenser charged to a potential of one international volt by one international coulomb of electricity.

Page 329 - To obtain the distance between the centres of two gears, add the number of teeth together, and divide half the sum by the diametral pitch. If two gears have 50 and 30 teeth, respectively, and are 5 pitch, add 50 and 30, making 80, divide by 2, and then divide this quotient, 40, by the diametral pitch, 5, and the result, 8 inches, is the centre distance.

Page 404 - As a unit of resistance, the international ohm, which is based upon the ohm equal to 10" units of resistance of the CGS system of electromagnetic units, and is represented by the resistance offered to an unvarying electric current by a column of mercury at the temperature of melting ice, 14.4521 grams in mass, of a constant cross-sectional area and of the length of 106.3 centimetres.

Page 404 - The volt, which has the value 10s in terms of the centimetre, the gramme, and the second of time, being the electrical pressure that if steadily applied to a conductor whose resistance is one ohm will produce a current of one ampere, and which is represented by -6974 (•}•$$) of the electrical pressure at a temperature of 15° C. between, the poles of the voltaic cell known as Clark's cell set up in accordance with the specification appended hereto, and marked B.