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admissible agreement alteration ambiguity Anon applies appointment appurtenant Beav begotten body child cited clause common law construction construed contract conveyance conveyed copyhold corporation Court covenant coverture daughters death deed deed poll default delivery demise easement eldest Eliz entitled estate tail estoppel evidence executed executors expressed fee simple fee tail feoffee feoffment freehold gift grant grantor habendum heirs and assigns heirs male Held hereditaments husband indenture instrument intention interest issue joint tenants L. J. Ch land lease lessee lessor Litt Lord manor marriage settlement meaning messuage Moore mortgage parties pass patent ambiguity person personalty plaintiff premises provision pur autre vie purchase recital release rent rule S. C. sub nom seal seised seisin settlor share Shep Statute take effect tenants in common tenement term tion trust usage vested Vict void wife
Page 535 - Where a covenant goes only to part of the consideration on both sides, and a breach of such covenant may be paid for in damages, it is an independent covenant; and an action may be maintained for a breach of the covenant on the part of the defendant, without averring performance in the declaration.
Page 131 - It has long been settled, that, in commercial transactions, extrinsic evidence of custom and usage is admissible to annex incidents to written contracts, in matters with respect to which they are silent. The same rule has also been applied to contracts in other transactions of life, in which known usages have been established and prevailed ; and this has been done upon...
Page 54 - The cases I think go further to this extent, that if the settlement is intended to be effectuated by one of the modes to which I have referred, the court will not give effect to it by applying another of those modes.
Page 57 - ... as by the known usage of trade, or the like, acquired a peculiar sense, distinct from the popular sense of the same words...
Page 558 - Brook and his heirs and against all and every other person or persons whatsoever lawfully claiming or to claim by, from or under him, them or any of them Shall and Will Warrant and forever Defend by these presents.
Page 73 - Where there is nothing in the context of a will from which it is apparent that a testator has used the words in which he has expressed himself in any other than their strict and primary sense...
Page 74 - ... to be interested under the will, and to the property which is claimed as the subject of disposition, and to the circumstances of the testator and of his family and affairs; for the purpose of enabling the court to identify the person or thing intended by the testator...
Page 535 - The distinction is very clear : where mutual covenants go to the whole of the consideration on both sides, they are mutual conditions, the one precedent to the other ; but where they go only to a part, where a breach may be paid for in damages, there the defendant has a remedy on his covenant, and shall not plead it as a condition precedent.
Page 98 - Ambiguitas patens is never holpen by averment, and the reason is, because the law will not couple and mingle matter of specialty, which is of the higher account, with matter of averment, which is of inferior account in law...
Page 125 - ... after the agreement has been reduced into writing, it is competent to the parties, at any time before breach of it, by a new contract not in writing, either altogether to waive, dissolve, or annul the former agreement, or in any manner to add to, or subtract from, or vary, or qualify the terms of it, and thus to make a new contract, which is to be proved partly by the written agreement, and partly by the subsequent verbal terms engrafted upon what will be thus left of the written agreement.