Cultural Chronicle of the Weimar Republic
The Weimar Republic began at 2:00 PM on November 9, 1918 when Philip Scheidemann declared from a second-story window in the Reich Chancellery to his hearers below that the German Reich was now a republic. It ended at 11:00 AM on January 30, 1933 when President Paul von Hindenburg named Adolf Hitler Chancellor. The Cultural Chronicle of the Weimar Republic is an account of significant cultural events in Germany during the time of the Weimar Republic. Weimar, already a German cultural mecca because Goethe and Schiller had lived and worked there 120 years earlier, emerged as a unique and experimental culture. Weimar culture was responsible for producing such icons as actress Marlene Dietrich, novels like All Quiet on the Western Front, musicals like The Threepenny Opera, the political cabaret, the Bauhaus School, and films like The Cabinet of Dr. Caligari and Metropolis. There were hundreds of premieres, performance debuts, exhibitions, works of fiction, and other cultural events that marked the Republic as Western Civilization's first modernist society. Modernism took many forms: the Einstein Tower in Berlin, the symphonies of Paul Hindemith, the paintings of Max Beckmann, the drawings of Käthe Kollwitz, the novels of Alfred Döblin, the industrial designs of Ferdinand Porsche, the choreography of Mary Wigman, the acting of Ernst Deutsch, the plays of Expressionism. The Cultural Chronicle of the Weimar Republic presents these and scores of other modernist inscriptions worthy of note, while providing notations that inform readers of connections among individuals, art works, related cultural activities, and significant political and economic developments.
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Adolf Hitler Albert Alfred Arts Berlin State Theater broadcast Carl Boese City Theater Cologne comedy film Conrad Veidt cultural Deutsches Theater directed by Carl directed by Franz directed by Friedrich directed by Richard directed by Rudolf director Dresden Ebert Emil Jannings Erich exhibition film comedy film drama film melodrama films premiere Fischer Press publishes Frankfurt am Main Friedrich Zelnik Fritz Kortner Georg Kaiser Gerhart Hauptmann German premiere Gustav Hamburg Thalia Theater Hanns Hans Albers Harry Liedtke Heinrich Heinz Henny Porten Hermann Hindenburg Johannes Kammerspiele Karl Kurt Leipzig Lessing Theater Liebe Ludwig Mann Maria mieres in Berlin movie musical National Socialist newspaper novella Olga Chekhova opens in Berlin operetta Orchestra Oskar Paul performance play playwright premieres in Berlin production publishes a collection publishes the novel radio rected Regional Theater Reichstag Rowohlt Press publishes Schauspielhaus sound film Spartacists starring Theater in Berlin title role Volksbiihne Walter Weimar Republic Werner Krauss Wilhelm Willy