Enhancing Thinking Skills in the Sciences and Mathematics

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Psychology Press, 1992 - Psychology - 155 pages
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In recent years national and international reports have been issued that speak of the sad state of the educational system in the United States and the desperate need for reform in teaching science and mathematics. Cognitive psychologists and mathematics and science educators have responded to this need by designing instructional programs that are more compatible with our knowledge of how people acquire, use, and retain knowledge. Many of the guiding principles that underlie these programs are presented in this volume such as teaching comprehension of scientific text through a problem-solving approach: problem planning and representation, selection of relevant information, and simultaneous monitoring of both the specifics of the problem and the mental processes being used to solve it.
 

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Contents

A Cognitive Approach to Improving Thinking Skills in the Sciences and Mathematics
1
The Jasper Series An Experiment with New Ways to Enhance Mathematical Thinking
15
Mathematical and Scientific Thinking in Classrooms and Other Situations
39
Expert Knowledge and Processes of Thinking
63
Enhancing HigherOrder Thinking Skills in Physics
77
Teaching of Thinking Skills in the Sciences and Mathematics
95
Cognitive Research on Thinking in Academic Science and Mathematics Implications for Practice and Policy
117
References
135
Author Index
145
Subject Index
149
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About the author (1992)

Sydney A. Halpern is Assistant Professor of Sociology at the University of Illinois, Chicago.

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