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afterwards alluvial ancient animals Apennines appear basalt beds Calabria calcareous carboniferous causes century changes channel cliffs climate coast cone considerable continued convulsions crater deep delta deluge deposits depth distance district earth earthquakes elevation eruption estuary Etna fissures flood flowed formation formed former fossil geological geologist globe gradually granite heat height Herculaneum hills hundred feet igneous igneous rocks inhabitants Ischia island isles lake land lapilli latitudes lava limestone marine mass matter Mediterranean miles mineral modern Monte Nuovo mountains nature northern observations ocean organic remains origin period phenomena plain plants Pompeii present quantity regions rise river rocks sand scoriae sediment shells shock shores Sicily side Solfatara species springs Strabo strata stream submarine subsidence subterranean movements suppose surface temperature theory thousand feet thrown tides tion town trachyte tract travertin tuff valleys vapour vegetable Vesuvius violent volcanic whole
Page 172 - A thousand men, that fishes gnaw'd upon; Wedges of gold, great anchors, heaps of pearl, Inestimable stones, unvalued jewels, All scatter'd in the bottom of the sea...
Page 530 - Thy waters wasted them while they were free, and many a tyrant since; their shores obey the stranger, slave, or savage; their decay has dried up realms to deserts: — not so thou, unchangeable, save to thy wild waves' play ; time writes no wrinkle on thine azure brow — such as Creation's dawn beheld, thou rollest now.
Page 124 - ... and excessive climates, as they have been termed, where the temperature of winter and summer is strongly contrasted. The whole of Europe, compared with the eastern parts of America and Asia, has an insular climate. The northern part of China, and the Atlantic region of the United States, exhibit
Page 74 - ... in the planetary motions, where geometry has carried the eye so far both into the future and the past, we discover no mark, either of the commencement or the termination of the present order.
Page 467 - It has been ascertained that this newraised country is upwards of fifty miles in length from east to west, running parallel to that line of subsidence before mentioned, which caused the grounds around Sindree to be flooded. The...
Page 382 - two entire cities, Herculaneum and Pompeii, were buried under showers of ashes, while all the people were sitting in the theatre.
Page 384 - Vesuvius : — the next eruption occurred in 1306 ; between which era and 1631 there was only one other (in 1500), and that a slight one. It has been remarked, that throughout this period Etna was in a state of such unusual activity, as to lend countenance to the idea that the great Sicilian volcano may sometimes serve as a channel of discharge to elastic fluids and lava that would otherwise rise to the vents in Campania.
Page 55 - I declare that I had no intention to contradict the text of Scripture ; that I believe most firmly all therein related about the creation, both as to order of time and matter of fact ; I abandon everything in my book respecting the formation of the earth, and, generally, all which may be contrary to the narration of Moses...
Page 1 - Geology is the science which investigates the successive changes that have taken place in the organic and inorganic kingdoms of nature; it enquires into the causes of these changes, and the influence which they have exerted in modifying the surface and external structure of our planet.