New Perspectives on Austrians and World War II
Gunter Bischof, Fritz Plasser, Barbara Stelzl-Marx
Transaction Publishers, Dec 31, 2011 - Political Science - 375 pages
For more than a generation after World War II, offi cial government doctrine and many Austrians insisted they had been victims of Nazi aggression in 1938 and, therefore, bore no responsibility for German war crimes. During the past twenty years this myth has been revised to include a more complex past, one with both Austrian perpetrators and victims. Part one describes soldiers from Austria who fought in the German Wehrmacht, a history only recently unearthed. Richard Germann covers units and theaters Austrian fought in, while Th omas Grischany demonstrates how well they fought. Ela Hornung looks at case studies of denunciation of fellow soldiers, while Barbara Stelzl-Marx analyzes Austrian soldiers who were active in resistance at the end of the war. Stefan Karner summarizes POW treatment on the Eastern front. Part two deals with the increasingly diffi cult life on the Austrian homefront. Fritz Keller takes a look at how Vienna survived growing food shortages. Ingrid B÷hler takes a rare look at life in small-town Austria. Andrea Strutz analyzes narratives of Jewish refugees forced to leave for the United States. Peter Ruggenthaler and Philipp Lesiak examine the use of slave laborers. And Brigitte Kepplinger summarizes the Nazi euthanasia program. The third part deals with legacies of the war, particularly postwar restitution and memory issues. Based on new sources from Soviet archives, Nikita Petrov describes the Red Army liberation. Winfried Garscha analyzes postwar war crimes trials against Austrians. Brigitte Bailer-Galanda and Eva Blimlinger present a survey of postwar restitution of property. And Heidemarie Uhl deals with Austrian memories of the war.
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3rd Ukrainian Front Administration Aktion T4 Anschluss Anton April Archiv Austrian resistance Austrian soldiers BA-MA BGBl Border Regiment Carl Szokoll Center central civilian command concentration camp conﬂict crimes cultural denunciation Deutsche Dombirn Dornbirn euthanasia fiir forced laborers former FSB RF German Geschichte Gestapo Graz Grischany GUPVI Hartheim Hitler Holocaust Ibid inﬂuence Innsbruck institutions Interrogation protocol interview Jewish Josef July June Linz March Mauthausen military Moscow murder National Socialist Nazi Nazi regime NKVD NSDAP officers Oldenbourg organizations Osterreich Osterreichischen Ostmark party People’s Court percent persons political population postwar POWs prisoners prisoners of war Raoul Bumballa Rathkolb Rear Red Army regarding regional Republic Republik resistance movement restitution RGVA Ruggenthaler SMERSH social Soviet Union Sowjetische StAD Stadt Stefan Karner subsidiary camps Third Reich trial Verlag victims Vienna Viennese Volksgericht Vorarlberg Waldheim Wehrmacht Widerstand Wien Wiener Zeyringer Zwangsarbeit Zweiten Weltkrieg