Blackout: Coal, Climate and the Last Energy Crisis
Coal fuels more than 30 per cent of UK electricity production, and about 50 per cent in the US, providing a significant portion of total energy output. China and India's recent ferocious economic growth has been based almost entirely on coal-generated electricity. Coal currently looks like a solution to many of our fast-growing energy problems. However, while coal advocates are urging us full steam ahead, the increasing reliance on this dirtiest of all fossil fuels has crucial implications for energy policy, pollution levels, the global climate, world economy and geopolitics. Drawbacks to a coal-based energy strategy include: Scarcity - new studies suggest that the peak of world coal production may actually be less than two decades away; Cost - the quality of produced coal is declining, while the expense of transportation is rising, leading to spiralling costs and increasing shortages; and, Climate impacts - our ability to deal with the historic challenge of climate change may hinge on reducing coal consumption in future years. Blackout goes to the heart of the tough energy questions that will dominate every sphere of public policy throughout the first half of this century. It is critical reading for planners, educators and anyone concerned about energy security, oil depletion and climate change.
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How Much Coal Do We Have?
Coal in the United States
Coal in China
Coal in Russia and India
Coal in Australia South Africa Europe South America Indonesia and Canada
Coal and Climate
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amount ASPO Australia billion tons carbon dioxide carbon emissions China China’s coal Climate Change coal consumption coal exports coal industry coal prices coal reserves coal resources coal supplies costs country’s decade decline depletion domestic electricity energy sources Energy Watch Group environmental EROEI Europe fossil fuel Future Global Coal Future of Coal Future Production Global Coal Production greenhouse gas hard coal Hubbert linearization IGCC impact increase India infrastructure Institute for Energy investment IPCC Jean Laherrère Jörg Schindler Kavalov and S.D. Kjell Aleklett lignite Lignite and Hard liquid fuel nations natural gas oil and gas Peak Oil percent Peter Gerling power plants problems R/P ratio recent regions renewable energy reserves estimates reserves figures Resources and Future result Richard Heinberg Russia S.D. Peteves Sandro Schmidt scenario shortages South Africa Suppliers for World syngas transport trend United Werner Zittel world coal Zittel and Jörg