Parallel Imaging in Clinical MR Applications

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Stefan O. Schönberg, Olaf Dietrich, Maximilian F Reiser
Springer Science & Business Media, Jan 11, 2007 - Medical - 564 pages
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Parallel imaging techniques have only recently been introduced into magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in clinical routine, but they have already gained wide clinical acceptance in numerous applications. Their substantial advantages in terms of higher spatial and temporal resolution and improved image quality have revolutionized the role of MRI in many areas of comprehensive disease imaging. This book presents the first in-depth introduction to parallel imaging techniques and, in particular, to the application of parallel imaging in clinical MRI. It will provide readers with a broader understanding of the fundamental principles of parallel imaging and of the advantages and disadvantages of specific MR protocols in clinical applications in all parts of the body at 1.5 and 3 Tesla.

 

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Contents

Basic Principles of ParallelImaging Techniques
2
MRI from kSpace to Parallel Imaging
3
2 Basic Reconstruction Algorithms for Parallel Imaging
19
The gFactor and Coil Design
37
Measurement of SignaltoNoise Ratio and Parallel Imaging
49
Special Applications of Parallel Imaging
63
ParallelImaging Reconstruction of ArbitrarykSpaceSampling Data
71
Complementary Techniques for Accelerated Imaging
91
Clinical Applications Angiography
283
MRA of Brain Vessels
285
MRA of the Carotid Arteries
291
MRA of the Pulmonary Circulation
307
MRA of the Renal Arteries
319
Peripheral MR Angiography
329
Pediatric Congenital Cardiovascular Disease
349
HighResolution WholeBody MRA
355

Sequence Design for AutoCalibrated Parallel Imaging
105
Measurement of Coil Sensitivity Profiles
107
Conventional SpinEcho and GradientEcho Pulse Sequences
113
SingleShot Pulse Sequences
119
Fast Sequences for Dynamic and TimeResolved Imaging
127
The Development of TSENSE
141
Technical Implementation in Clinical MRI
153
Design of Dedicated MRI Systems for Parallel Imaging
155
Dedicated Coil Systems from Head to Toe
161
Design of ParallelImaging Protocols
169
General Advantages of Parallel Imaging
173
Limitations of Parallel Imaging
177
Clinical Applications Imaging of Morphology
181
HighResolution Imaging of the Brain
183
HighResolution Imaging of the Skull Base and Larynx
199
Lung Imaging
209
Liver Imaging
219
HighResolution Imaging of the Biliary Tree and the Pancreas
233
Parallel Imaging in Inflammatory Bowel Disease
247
Musculoskeletal Imaging Knee and Shoulder
255
Advanced Methods of Fat Suppression and Parallel Imaging
269
Clinical Applications Function
369
Imaging of CNS Diffusion and Perfusion
371
Diffusion Tensor Imaging of the Brain
379
Imaging of Cardiac Function
393
Imaging of Cardiac Perfusion
407
Imaging of Pulmonary Perfusion
417
OxygenEnhanced Imaging of the Lung
429
Imaging of Renal Perfusion
441
Comprehensive Protocols
449
Cardiovascular Screening
451
Tumor Staging
461
Imaging of Bronchial Carcinoma
471
Imaging of Pulmonary Hypertension
481
Future Developments
495
New Coil Systems for Highly Parallel MR Acquisition Strategies
497
ParallelExcitation Techniques for UltraHighField MRI
511
Future Software Developments
523
Future Imaging Protocols
533
Subject Index
543
List of Contributors
557
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