Narrative in the Hebrew Bible
After almost two centuries of historical criticism, biblical scholarship has recently taken major shifts in direction, most notably towards literary study of the Bible. Much germinal criticism has taken as its primary focus narrative texts of the Hebrew Bible (the `Old Testament'). This book belongs in this movement and provides a lucid guide to its interpretative possibilities. It tries to be both theoretical and practical, combining discussion of method and the business of reading in general with numerous illustrations through readings of particular texts. The opening chapter indicates how literary criticism is related to other dominant ways of reading the text over the last two thousand years, using as an example the story of Cain and Abel. In subsequent methodological chapters, the authors discuss characters, not excluding the narrator and God; plot, modifying recent theory to accommodate the peculiar complexity of biblical narratives; and the play of language throughrepetition, ambiguity, multivalence, metaphor and intertextuality. The concluding chapter, on readers and responsibility, explores the ideological dimension of narrative interpretation, with particular attention to Genesis 1-3, a story which has generated much discussion about gender and social hierarchy. Does this text define or challenge the statusquo (of either the ancient or the modern world)? The authors lay out some of the debate and question what values are at work when we and others read and champion readings. Other extended readings include: the stories of Abraham and Sarah, and of Tamar and Judah in Genesis, the book of Jonah, and the account of Nebuchadnezzar and the three Jews thrown into the fiery furnace, fromthe book of Daniel. An extensive bibliography completes the book, arranged by subject and biblical text.
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CHARACTERS AND NARRATORS
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Abednego Abimelech Abraham Abram Absalom Adonijah allusion ambiguity Ammonites Amnon Bathsheba beginning biblical narrative blessing book of Jonah Book of Judges book of Ruth books of Samuel brother Cain and Abel Canaanite chapter character characterization context daughter David death desire divine episode Esther evil example father fear Feminist gender Genesis Genesis 2-3 Genesis 38 Genesis-2 Kings Gilead God's Gunn Hebrew Bible hesed historical criticism human ideology ironic irony Israel Israelites Jephthah Jews Jonah Judah judgement Judges king's land literature Manoah meaning Meshach Mosala Moses narrator narrator's Nebuchadnezzar Nineveh offers patriarchal perhaps Pharaoh plot point of view political promise prophet question reader reading recognize relationship repetition resolution response rhetoric Ruth Samuel Sarah Sarai Saul sense sexual Shadrach social Solomon speech story world Tamar tells Testament throne Timnah wife woman women words Yhwh Yhwh's