Italy's Eighteenth Century: Gender and Culture in the Age of the Grand Tour
Stanford University Press, 2009 - History - 490 pages
In the age of the Grand Tour, foreigners flocked to Italy to gawk at its ruins and paintings, enjoy its salons and cafés, attend the opera, and revel in their own discovery of its past. But they also marveled at the people they saw, both male and female. In an era in which castrati were "rock stars," men served women as cicisbei, and dandified Englishmen became macaroni, Italy was perceived to be a place where men became women. The great publicity surrounding female poets, journalists, artists, anatomists, and scientists, and the visible roles for such women in salons, academies, and universities in many Italian cities also made visitors wonder whether women had become men. Such images, of course, were stereotypes, but they were nonetheless grounded in a reality that was unique to the Italian peninsula. This volume illuminates the social and cultural landscape of eighteenth-century Italy by exploring how questions of gender in music, art, literature, science, and medicine shaped perceptions of Italy in the age of the Grand Tour.
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List of Illustrations
Italian Morality and European Values
Giustina Renier Michiel and Conflicting
Women and Academies
The Castratos Tale 175
and Culture in EighteenthCentury Italy 216
Anna Morandi Manzolinis
part four the spectacle of gender
Fame and Reputation
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academy Accademia Agnesi anatomical Angelica Kauffman Anna Anna Morandi Manzolini Antonio Arcadia aristocratic artists Balatri Bergalli Bergalli’s Biblioteca body Bologna Bolognese Caminer Carlo Carlo Gozzi castrato celebrated cicisbei cicisbeismo Cleland Corilla Olimpica Crescimbeni cultural donna donne Early Modern eighteenth century eighteenth-century Italy Elena Corner Michiel Elisabetta English Enlightenment Europe Farinelli female Figure Florence foreign Francesco French Gasparo Gozzi gender Giovanni Bianchi Giuseppe Giustina Renier Michiel Gozzi Grand Tour husband Ibid improvisers intellectual Italian Italy Lady Laura Bassi Leprotti letter literary London Luisa Bergalli male Marc’Antonio Michiel Maria Gaetana Agnesi marriage Marta Cavazza Milan Morandi Naples natural Opera painter painting papal Pietro poetic poetry political portrait published reproductive role Roma Roman Rome Rosalba Carriera Rossi salon secolo Settecento sexual social society storia theater tion tradition translation travelers Turin University Press Venetian Venice Vita Vizzani’s woman wrote young