Citizenship Rights and Social Movements: A Comparative and Statistical Analysis
This is the first comparative study of the relationship between social movements and citizenship rights. It identifies the main connections made between collective action and individual rights, in theory and history, and tests them in the context of modern authoritarian regimes. It does so by measuring both social mobilization and the presence of rights over time, and by analysing their mutual impact statistically - both within and across national cases. The results create a new perspective on democratic struggles in authoritarian conditions, and on processes of democratic transitions. The selected cases of Brazil, Chile, Mexico and Spain are similar enough to make comparisons possible, and different enough to make them interesting. Measuring mobilization and rights provides a comparative description of their forms and fluctuations, just as the statistical results promote a comparative analysis of their influence and interactions. The study uses statistical techniques, but employs them to illuminate historical processes. In sum, its quantitative methods work to enhance the qualitative inquiry, and together they come to constitute a robust defense of democracy as the direct result of collective struggles for individual rights.
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Individual Rights Social Movements and Waves
Methods and Sources
Coding sheet for the Institutional
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Akers Fast Amnesty International Arat authoritarian regimes autoregression BANKSLII Boolean Brazil cent Chapter Chile citizenship rights civil and political civil demands civil society coded Constitution context correlated CRI GAP SMA DEFEXP Outputs Minimized democracy democratic transition econ ener DEFEXP economic elections enquiry equations Figure freedom gap sma POLD Gastil impact individual rights infl econ ener inflation institutional IPI CRI GAP IPI CRI sma IPI GAP labour activity labour mobilization labour movement ment Mexico Minimized Truth Table MITS analysis negative parameter estimates parties peak period pold infl econ political and civil political demands political rights regression relationship between rights rights and movements rights and social rights measures rights provision rights-in rights-in-practice rights-in-principle SMA POLD INFL sma SR pold SMASR social mobilization social move social movement activity social movement measures Spain strike rate strike volume struggle Tarrow Taylor and Jodice time-series tion urban variables waves of mobilization workers