The Semantics of Nouns

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Zhengdao Ye
Oxford University Press, 2017 - Language Arts & Disciplines - 315 pages
This volume brings together the latest research on the semantics of nouns in both familiar and less well-documented languages, including English, Mandarin Chinese, Russian, the Papuan language Koromu, the Dravidian language Solega, and Pitjantjatjara/Yankunytjatjara from Australia. Chapters offer systematic and detailed analyses of scores of individual nouns across a range of conceptual domains, including 'people', 'places', and 'living things', with each analysis fully grounded in a unified methodological framework. They not only cover central theoretical issues specific to the analysis of the domain in question, but also empirically investigate the different types of meaning relations that hold between nouns, such as meronymy, hyponymy, taxonomy, and antonymy.

The collection of studies show how in-depth meaning analysis anchored in a cross-linguistic and cross-domain perspective can lead to unexpected insights into the common and particular ways in which speakers of different languages conceptualize, categorize, and order the world around them. This unique volume brings together a new generation of semanticists from across the globe, and will be of interest to researchers in linguistics, psychology, anthropology, biology, and philosophy.

 

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Contents

The semantics of nouns A crosslinguistic and crossdomain perspective
1
The meaning of kinship terms A developmental and crosslinguistic perspective
19
The semantics of social relation nouns in Chinese
63
The meanings of angel ́ in English Arabic and Hebrew
89
Personhood constructs in language and thought New evidence from Danish
120
Some key body parts and polysemy A case study from Koromu Kesawai
147
The semantics of standingwater places in English French and PitjantjatjaraYankunytjatjara
180
The semantics of demonyms in English Germans Queenslanders and Londoners
205
The semantics of honeybee terms in Solega Dravidian
221
Furniture vegetables weapons Functional collective superordinates in the English lexicon
246
References
282
Index
307
List of semantic explications
314
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About the author (2017)


Zhengdao Ye is a Lecturer in Linguistics and Translation Studies at the Australian National University in Canberra. She received her undergraduate degree in Chinese Linguistics and Literature from the East China Normal University in Shanghai, and her Master's and Ph.D. degrees in Linguistics from the ANU. Her research interests encompass semantics, pragmatics, language and cognition, translation studies, ethnopsychology, and Chinese linguistics. She is the co-editor, with Cliff Goddard, of 'Happiness' and 'Pain' Across Languages and Cultures (John Benjamins 2016).

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