Constructions at Work: The Nature of Generalization in Language
This book investigates the nature of generalization in language and examines how language is known by adults and acquired by children. It looks at how and why constructions are learned, the relation between their forms and functions, and how cross-linguistic and language-internal generalizations about them can be explained.
Constructions at Work is divided into three parts: in the first Professor Goldberg provides an overview of constructionist approaches, including the constructionist approach to argument structure, and argues for a usage-based model of grammar. In Part II she addresses issues concerning how generalizations are constrained and constructional generalizations are learned. In Part III the author shows that a combination of function and processing accounts for a wide range of language-internal and cross-linguistic generalizations. She then considers the degree to which the function of constructions explains their distribution and examines cross-linguistic tendencies in argument realization. She demonstrates that pragmatic and cognitive processes account for the data without appeal to stipulations that are language-specific.
This book is an important contribution to the study of how language operates in the mind and in the world and how these operations relate. It is of central interest for scholars and graduate-level students in all branches of theoretical linguistics and psycholinguistics. It will also appeal to cognitive scientists and philosophers concerned with language and its acquisition.
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appear argued argument structure constructions argument structure patterns Bybee Cambridge Casenhiser category validity caused motion caused-motion Chapter Cognitive Cognitive Grammar Cognitive Linguistics complement constraints Construction Grammar constructionist approaches context corpus Corpus Linguistics Correspondence Principle Counterfactual conditionals cross-linguistic cue validity dating someone dative derivational deWnite discourse discussed ditransitive construction ditransitive recipient diVerent English eVects evidence example exclamatives exist expressed fact Fillmore formal forthcoming frequency function Gleitman Goldberg indeWnite information structure input instances interpretation intransitive involved islands JackendoV Langacker language learners learning lexical linguistic MacWhinney Michaelis morpheme motivated negation noun novel verbs overall sentence meaning particular verbs passive phrase Pinker pragmatic pre-emption predict prime prototype quantiWer question recipient argument relative clauses relevant scope speakers speciWc statistical suYcient syntactic syntax and semantics thematic roles theme argument tions Tomasello topic transitive unbounded dependencies universal grammar University usage-based usage-based model utterances VOL pattern Wndings Wrst