Meditations on First Philosophy: with Selections from the Objections and Replies

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OUP Oxford, May 8, 2008 - Philosophy - 336 pages
'It is some years now since I realized how many false opinions I had accepted as true from childhood onwards...I saw that at some stage in my life the whole structure would have to be utterly demolished' In Descartes's Meditations, one of the key texts of Western philosophy, the thinker rejects all his former beliefs in the quest for new certainties. Discovering his own existence as a thinking entity in the very exercise of doubt, he goes on to prove the existence of God, who guarantees his clear and distinct ideas as a means of access to the truth. He develops new conceptions of body and mind, capable of serving as foundations for the new science of nature. Subsequent philosophy has grappled with Descartes's legacy, questioning many of its conclusions and even his basic approach, but his arguments set the agenda for many of the greatest philosophical thinkers, and their fascination endures. This new translation includes the Third and Fourth Objections and Replies in full, and a selection from the rest of these exchanges with Descartes's contemporaries that helped to expound his philosophy. ABOUT THE SERIES: For over 100 years Oxford World's Classics has made available the widest range of literature from around the globe. Each affordable volume reflects Oxford's commitment to scholarship, providing the most accurate text plus a wealth of other valuable features, including expert introductions by leading authorities, helpful notes to clarify the text, up-to-date bibliographies for further study, and much more.
 

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Contents

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS
LIST OF ABBREVIATIONS
INTRODUCTION
NOTE ON THE TEXT AND TRANSLATION
vi
SELECT BIBLIOGRAPHY
xii
A CHRONOLOGY OF RENÉ DESCARTES
xxi
MEDITATIONS ONFIRST PHILOSOPHY
1
LETTER
2
SIXTH MEDITATION
73
THE OBJECTIONS AND REPLIES
91
INTRODUCTION
91
FIRST OBJECTIONS
92
1228 SECOND OBJECTIONS
109
1 How do you know a body cannot think?
112
THIRD OBJECTIONS            171
171
FOURTH OBJECTIONS                 196
196

PREFACE TO THE READER         7
8
SYNOPSIS OF THE FOLLOWING SIX MEDITATIONS          12
12
FIRST MEDITATION                17
17
SECOND MEDITATION
24
THIRD MEDITATION
35
FOURTH MEDITATION
53
FIFTH MEDITATION             63
64
FIFTH OBJECTIONS
258
SIXTH OBJECTIONS
374
SEVENTH OBJECTIONS
447
EXPLANATORY NOTES
541
INDEX
250
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