Early Akron's Industrial Valley: A History of the Cascade Locks
In this study of Akron's Cascade Locks, canal historian Jack Gieck examines the story of this remarkable lock system, including a look at early-nineteenth-century entrepreneurs who exploited the precipitous terrain to found one of the first industrial centers in the American Midwest. A steep staircase of sixteen locks was required to raise canal boats 149 feet in a single mile in order to reach the Akron Summit--the highest point on the 309-mile-long Ohio & Erie Canal. But what was considered by some to be an impossible feat of engineering represented a commercial opportunity for others, beginning with Dr. Eliakim Crosby, who built a two-mile millrace from a dam on the Little Cuyahoga River at Middle-bury to his Stone Mill at Lock 5 on the canal. After turning Crosby's millstones, the water became the Cascade Race, flowing down the steep slope parallel to the canal, giving rise to more than a dozen industries, including several iron furnaces, a foundry, a woolen mill, a furniture factory, a distillery, several grist mills, and two rubber plants--all of them turned by waterpower. And they shipped their products to markets from New York to New Orleans via the canal running by their back doors. Early Akron's Industrial Valley is illustrated with photographs from the author's collection and the archives of the Canal Society of Ohio, the Ohio Historical Society, the University of Akron, and the Cascade Locks Park Association. It contains a guide for Canalway hikers and bikers on the towpath through Akron's Cascade Locks Park with original maps by Chuck Ayers. This book will be welcomed by historians and engineers as well as by the many who find the surviving canals to be fascinating symbolsof Ohio's heritage.
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ABTEC Ace Rubber Aetna Mills Akron Archives Akron’s industrial valley American Tire Beech Street Benjamin Franklin Goodrich bolting chest bottom brick bridge building built butterﬂy valves canal boats cars Cascade Locks Park Cascade Race Cascade valley century city’s Cleveland CLPA Archives company’s Cuyahoga Falls downstream downtown Akron electric Eliakim Crosby erected Erie Canal factory Ferdinand Schumacher ﬁlled ﬁre ﬁrst ﬁve ﬂat ﬂood ﬂour mill German Mill Goodrich grain Howard Street hydraulic iron Lake Erie later Little Cuyahoga River Lock 15 lock mills lock stones lock walls Locks Park Association lower gates Market Street Middlebury miles Mill Street Mill’s millrace Mustill House Mustill Store North Street Ohio & Erie Ohio Canal Ohio’s opened operated passengers Pennsylvania & Ohio Perkins railroad Rubber Company Schumacher’s Cascade Mill Serving Summit County sluiceway South Akron steam steel structure today’s towpath tunnel turn University of Akron upper gates upstream water level waterpower waterwheel