Social History of Timbuktu: The Role of Muslim Scholars and Notables 1400-1900
Originally published in 1983, this book deals with the precolonial history of the Islamic West African city of Timbuktu. The book traces the fortunes of this fabled city from its origins in the twelfth century, and more especially from around 1400 onwards, to the French conquest in the late nineteenth century. The study rests upon a comprehensive utilisation of the Timbuktu sources, including the well-known chronicles or tarikhs of Timbuktu. The author focuses on the role of scholars and, in so doing, he provides a fresh study of a learned community in sub-Saharan Africa. Additionally, the study shows that the scholars occupied a position of leadership and authority in the social structure of the city. Hence, in providing fuller understanding of the role of scholars and their status as 'notables', the work makes it possible to understand the enigma which has surrounded this extraordinary city throughout its history. It contributes an important perspective for historians of Africa, the Middle East and Islam.
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Genesis of a social tradition
The scholars as a learned elite
The scholars as administrators
The scholars as regional notables
Persistence of the patriciate
Summary and conclusions
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Abd al-Rahman Abdullah Abu Bakr Ahmad Baba Ahmad Maghia al-'Aqib al-Amin al-Bakka'i al-Dara'i al-Imam al-Mansur al-Mukhtar al-Qa'id al-Sa'di al-Shaikh al-Suyuti Alfa And-Agh-Muhammad Aqit Aqlt Arwan Askia al-Hajj Askia Muhammad became chronicles clans commerce Dara'is descendants early eighteenth century empire of Mali especially factor Fath al-Shukur Fulani Ghana Gurdu Ibid Ibrahim imams influence Islam Jenne Jingerebir Judge judgeship jurists Kabara Kunta later leadership learning literati Lobbo Maghsharen Mahmud Mali Malian Mansur Mas'ud Massina mentioned merchants mithqals Moroccan Moroccan conquest Morocco Mosque Muhammad Baba Muhammad Baghayughu Musa Muslim Nayl Niger nineteenth century Nonetheless notables Pasha passim period Qadi quarter reign Ruma Sa'id Sahara San Sirfi Sanhaja Sayyid scholars seems settlers Shurfa Sidi Yahya sixteenth century Songhai empire Soninke sources sovereignty status Sudan suggests Sultan Sunni Sunni Ali Tadhkirat al-Nasyan Tadmekkat Tarikh al-Fattash Tibshasha Timbuktu tradition Tuareg Umar Uthman Walata Wangara Zankanu Zarqun