A Grammar of Basque

Front Cover
José Ignacio Hualde, Jon Ortiz de Urbina
Walter de Gruyter, Jun 3, 2011 - Language Arts & Disciplines - 973 pages

As the only surviving pre-Indo-European language of western Europe, Basque has often attracted the interest of linguists. Whereas, traditionally, descriptive work on Basque has primarily focused on morphological features, including its complex system of verb-argument agreement and its strict ergative pattern of inflection, during the last two decades a new generation of Basque linguists has produced very sophisticated, theoretically-informed work on many aspects of the syntax, morphology and phonology of the language, revealing, for instance, a process of focalization with many interesting properties and the existence in some dialects of an accentual system strikingly similar to that of standard Japanese. The book, bringing together this accumulated knowledge on the structure of Basque, is considerably more complete than any other existing grammar of the language. Another interesting feature of this grammar is that the description is illustrated with fully-glossed examples extracted from a great number of written sources. Although the focus is the modern standard language, dialectal features are considered in detail and examples are taken from all dialects and periods.

 

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Contents

1 Introduction JI Hualde
1
number of speakers geographical distribution official status sociolinguistic aspects
2
2 Phonology
15
22 Accentuation JI Hualde
65
23 Intonation G Elordieta
72
3 Morphology
113
32 Case and number inflection of noun phrases JI Hualde
171
33 Postpositions JI Hualde
187
416 Possessive constructions
414
417 Verbs of saying thinking and judging
422
copulative sentences and secondary predication I Zabala
426
43 Word order J Ortiz de Urbina
448
44 Focalization R Etxepare J Ortiz de Urbina
459
45 Negation R Etxepare
516
46 Exclamatives R Etxepare
564
47 Impersonal clauses J Ortiz de Urbina
572

34 Adverbs JI Hualde
190
35 Verbs JI Hualde B Oyharçabal and J Ortiz de Urbina
195
351 Nonfinite forms JI Hualde
196
352 Finite forms
205
353 Structural analysis of basic verbal paradigms JI Hualde
246
354 Tense aspect and mood B Oyharçabal
249
355 Periphrastic constructions J Ortiz de Urbina
284
356 Semiauxiliary verbs J Ortiz de Urbina
300
357 Modal particles
316
36 Conjunctions and connectors JI Hualde
323
37 Derivation JI Hualde
328
38 Compounds JI Hualde
351
4 Syntax
363
412 Intransitive monovalent structures
364
413 Intransitive Bivalent Structures dativeabsolutive constructions
385
414 Transitive Structures
388
415 Ditransitive Structures
411
48 Causatives J Ortiz de Urbina
592
49 Reciprocal and reflexive constructions X Artiagoitia
607
410 Subordination X Artiagoitia B Oyharçabal JI Hualde J Ortiz de Urbina
632
4101 Complementation noun clauses X Artiagoitia
634
4102 Adjunct subordination X Artiagoitia
710
4103 Relatives B Oyharçabal
762
4104 Comparative constructions JI Hualde J Ortiz de Urbina
823
411 Coordination I Amundarain
844
5 Texts
893
52 Text 2
897
53 Text 3
903
54 Text 4
906
55 Text 5
912
Sources of examples
915
References
922
Index
935
Copyright

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About the author (2011)

Jose Ignacio Hualde is Professor at the University of Illinois, Department of Spanish, Italian and Portuguese.

Jon Ortiz de Urbina is Professor at the University of Deusto, Spain.