Organizational Structure in American Police Agencies: Context, Complexity, and Control
Although most large police organizations perform the same tasks, there is tremendous variation in how individual organizations are structured. To account for this variation, author Edward R. Maguire develops a new theory that attributes the formal structures of large municipal police agencies to the contexts in which they are embedded. This theory finds that the relevant features of an organization’s context are its size, age, technology, and environment. Using a database representing nearly four hundred of the nation’s largest municipal police agencies, Maguire develops empirical measures of police organizations and their contexts and then uses these measures in a series of structural equation models designed to test the theory. Ultimately, police organizations are shown to be like other types of organizations in many ways but are also shown to be unique in a number of respects.
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What is Organizational Structure?
Explaining Organizational Structure
Police Organizational Structure
A Primitive Theory of Police Organizational Structure
Methodology and Descriptive Statistics
Testing the Theory
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administrative intensity Aldrich analysis Blau Bootstrap ML Bootstrap bureaucratic causal centralization chapter collinearity community policing complexity and control components concept context contingency theory coordination and control correlation covariance Descriptive statistics dimensions discussed employees environment environmental capacity environmental complexity environmental dispersion estimates explain factors formalization functional differentiation independent variables indicators inﬂuence initial model institutional theory kurtosis Langworthy 1986 large municipal police latent variable literature Maguire Mastrofski and Ritti measurement model ment ML Bootstrap ML model fits multicollinearity municipal police agencies municipal police organizations nizational nonnormality nonroutine orga organization theory organization’s organizational age organizational studies p-value parameters police chief police departments police officers police organizational structure population predictors ranks ratio reformers relationship response revised model sample selection bias significant social spatial differentiation standard errors struc structural complexity structural equation models structural variables suggests supplemental survey task scope theorists theory of police tion tional variance vertical differentiation zational