Irreversible Thermodynamics: Theory and Applications
Irreversible thermodynamics is an extension of classical thermodynamics to give a unified method of treating transport processes. This book develops the theoretical basis and relates it to reality by examples. These theories are then applied to solve some important problems within varied fields of science and technology. To facilitate understanding, the basic equations are derived in a simple manner, using a minimum of mathematics.
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TRANSPORT PROCESSES IN
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actin activity addition anion approximation assumed bridge calculations cation exchange membrane cell changes Chapter charge chemical potential coefficients compartment components composition concentration conductivity consider constant containing contribution corresponding coupling defined derived determined difference diffusion direction discussed dissipation effect electric electric potential electrochemical electrodes electrolyte energy entropy equal equilibrium example experiment experimental expressed faraday Figure flux equations forces frame of reference Gibbs energy given gives glass gradients heat increasing independent integration ions irreversible JHCI kmol m-3 known leads liquid junction means measured method migration mixture mobilities mole myosin NaCl neutral obtain passes Peltier positive pressure production pure reaction relations replaced reservoir respectively reversible RTIN salt separated side similar solution stationary studied subsystem taking place temperature term thermodynamics transference transference numbers transport unit valid values volume zero