The Oxford Encyclopedia of American Literature
Oxford University Press, 2004 - Literary Collections - 2280 pages
This set treats the whole of American literature, from the European discovery of America to the present, with entries in alphabetical order. Each of the 350 substantive essays is a major interpretive contribution. Well-known critics and scholars provide clear and vividly written essays thatreflect the latest scholarship on a given topic, as well as original thinking on the part of the critic. The Encyclopedia is available in print and as an e-reference text from Oxford's Digital Reference Shelf.At the core of the encyclopedia lie 250 essays on poets, playwrights, essayists, and novelists. The most prominent figures (such as Whitman, Melville, Faulkner, Frost, Morrison, and so forth) are treated at considerable length (10,000 words) by top-flight critics. Less well known figures arediscussed in essays ranging from 2,000 to 5,000 words. Each essay examines the life of the author in the context of his or her times, looking in detail at key works and describing the arc of the writer's career. These essays include an assessment of the writer's current reputation with abibliography of major works by the writer as well as a list of major critical and biographical works about the writer under discussion.A second key element of the project is the critical assessments of major American masterworks, such as Moby-Dick, Song of Myself, Walden, The Great Gatsby, The Waste Land, Their Eyes Were Watching God, Death of a Salesmanr, or Beloved. Each of these essays offers a close reading of the given work,placing that work in its historical context and offering a range of possibilities with regard to critical approach. These fifty essays (ranging from 2,000 to 5,000 words) are simply and clearly enough written that an intelligent high school student should easily understand them, but sophisticatedenough that a college student or general reader in a public library will find the essays both informative and stimulating.The final major element of this encyclopedia consists of fifty-odd essays on literary movements, periods, or themes, pulling together a broad range of information and making interesting connections. These essays treat many of the same authors already discussed, but in a different context; they alsogather into the fold authors who do not have an entire essay on their work (so that Zane Grey, for example, is discussed in an essay on Western literature but does not have an essay to himself). In this way, the project is truly "encyclopedic," in the conventional sense. These essays aim forcomprehensiveness without losing anything of the narrative force that makes them good reading in their own right.In a very real fashion, the literature of the American people reflects their deepest desires, aspirations, fears, and fantasies. The Oxford Encyclopedia of American Literature gathers a wide range of information that illumines the field itself and clarifies many of its particulars.
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Directory of Contributors
Albee American literature Anderson Anne Bradstreet artist Ashbery Ashbery’s Auden autobiography Baldwin became become began Bellow Bierce biography Bishop Black Arts Movement Bois career century characters Cheever Chesnutt Chicago collection contemporary Crane critical culture death deﬁned DeLillo Dickinson difﬁcult Douglass Dream Dream Songs Dreiser E. E. Cummings early edited Edwards Edwards’s Eliot Ellison Emerson England English essays experience father Faulkner ﬁction ﬁgure ﬁlm ﬁnal ﬁnally ﬁnancial ﬁnd ﬁre ﬁrst Fitzgerald ﬁve Franklin friends FURTHER READING Gatsby Hart Crane Henry inﬂuence inﬂuential James John John Cheever later letters literary lives magazine mother narrator nature Passos play poem poet poetic poetry political prose published Puritan readers reﬂects Robert sense Sherwood Anderson short stories signiﬁcant slave narratives slavery social T. S. Eliot tradition University verse voice W. H. Auden wife William William Faulkner woman women writing wrote York City young