Revitalizing America's Cities: Neighborhood Reinvestment and Displacement
SUNY Press, 1983 - Social Science - 184 pages
In many American cities, middle and upper income people are moving into neighborhoods that had previously suffered disinvestment and decay. The new residents renovate housing, stimulate business, and contribute to the tax base. These benefits of neighborhood revitalization are, in some cases, achieved at a potentially serious cost: the displacement of existing neighborhood residents by eviction, condominium conversion, or as a result of rent increases.
Revitalizing America's Cities investigates the reasons why the affluent move into revitalizing inner-city neighborhoods and the ways in which the new residents benefit the city. It also examines the resulting displaced households. Data are presented on displacement in nine revitalizing neighborhoods of five cities -- the most comprehensive survey of displaced households conducted to date. The study reveals characteristics of displaced households and hardships encountered as a result of being forced from their homes.
Also featured is an examination of federal, state, and local policies toward neighborhood reinvestment and displacement, including various alternative approaches for dealing with this issue.
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borhoods Boston Boston Redevelopment Authority Census central business district central city Characteristics Cincinnati city's condominium Corryville current home Denver dependent variable displaced households displacement rate economic gentrification Hayes Valley head of households headed households Hispanic HOUSE SALES households moving households with children Housing and Urban housing market housing stock Ibid income increased indicators inmovers inner-city interview Jackson Ward locate managerial head Mann-Minor MEDIAN SALES PRICE Mount Adams neigh neighborhood reinvestment nondisplaced North Beacon Hill North End occupied units Oregon Hill outmovers Over-the-Rhine percent Percentage of female Percentage of house Percentage of owner Percentage of retired Percentage of single Percentage of units person households Policy population probit professional or managerial programs recent rehabilitation renovation residential residents result retired head revitalizing neighborhoods sample Seattle Society Hill South End study area suburban suburbs survey t-ratio Table U.S. Government Printing units with professional urban renewal voluntary movers Washington