Every Farm a Factory: The Industrial Ideal in American Agriculture

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Yale University Press, 2003 - Business & Economics - 242 pages
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During the early decades of the 20th century, agricultural practice in America was transformed from a pre-industrial to an industrial activity. In this study Deborah Fitzgerald argues that farms became modernised in the 1920s because they adopted not only new machinery but also the financial, cultural and ideological apparatus of industrialism. Fitzgerald examines how bankers and emerging professionals in engineering and economics pushed for systematic, businesslike farming. She discusses how factory practices served as a template for the creation across the country of industrial or corporate farms. She also looks at how farming was affected by this revolution and concludes by following several agricultural enthusiasts to the Soviet Union, where the lessons of industrial farming were studied.
 

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Contents

Economics and Management in Agriculture
33
3 Agricultural Engineers and Industrialization
75
The Emergence of LargeScale Farming
106
5 The Campbell Farming Corporation
129
Learning from the Soviets
157
Changing the Landscape
184
Appendix
191
List of Abbreviations
195
Notes
197
Index
235
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