Carved in Stone, Etched in Memory: Death, Tombstones and Commemoration in Bosnian Islam since c.1500
Despite the recent history of violence and destruction, Bosnia-Herzegovina holds a positive place in history, marked by a continuous interweaving of different religious cultures. The most expansive period in that regard is the Ottoman rule that lasted here nearly five centuries. As many Bosnians accepted Islam, the process of Islamization took on different directions and meanings, only some of which are recorded in the official documents. This book underscores the importance of material culture, specifically gravestones, funerary inscriptions and images, in tracing and understanding more subtle changes in Bosnia’s religious landscape and the complex cultural shifts and exchange between Christianity and Islam in this area. Gravestones are seen as cultural spaces that inscribe memory, history, and heritage in addition to being texts that display, in image and word, first-hand information about the deceased. In tackling these topics and ideas, the study is situated within several contextual, theoretical, and methodological frameworks. Raising questions about religious identity, history, and memory, the study unpacks the cultural and historical value of gravestones and other funerary markers and bolsters their importance in understanding the region’s complexity and improving its visibility in global discussions around multiculturalism and religious pluralism. Drawing upon several disciplinary methods, the book has much to offer anyone looking for a better understanding of the intersection of Christianity and Islam, as well as those with an interest in death studies.
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Ajvatovica Ajvaz akçe Amila Buturović Figure Arabic associated Balkans Bektashi beliefs Bjelašnica Bosnia and Herzegovina Bosnian Islamic Bosnian Muslims burial century cephalophoric Christian chronograms commemorative culture commonly corpse cultural memory dead death deceased divine dobri early Ottoman epigraphic epitaphs eschatological ethics example Fātia forms funerary culture funerary texts Glamoč God’s grave gravestones graveyards Hanafi Hangi headstone historical identity images imperial important inscribed inscriptions Islamic funerary Islamisation landscape language literary living markers martyrs medieval mosque Muhammad Muslims of Bosnia narrative nišan nonMuslim norms Novi Travnik običaji one’s Ottoman Empire Ottoman Islamic Photo by Amila Photo by Velibor political practices prayer preOttoman Prophetic Qur’an recite reference relationship religion religious remembered representation ritual Rogatica sacred Sarajevo shahada shrine social Sokolović soul space specific spiritual stećak stone Sufi Sufi orders Sufism Sunan symbols teachings tevhid textual tombstones tradition Travnik turbe Turkish urban Velibor Božović visual