History of the Moors of Spain

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Harper & brothers, 1841 - Arabian Peninsula - 296 pages

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Florian's book was first published in French around 1790 and is of some interest as it was probably the first non-Spanish work on the subject. But there have been many more, especially by English-language historians, so Florian is now very out-of-date. It is better to look at:
"The Moriscos of Spain", by Charles Henry Lea, first published in 1901 in Philadelphia, republished in 2008 by Goodword Books;
"Moorish Spain", by Richard Fletcher (1992, new edition 2001);
"Islamic Spain, 1250 to 1500" and Muslims in Spain, 1500 to 1614", both by L.P. Harvey: the most authoritative works to date.
There are many other studies: those mentioned above provide lists.

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“History of the Moors of Spain” by M Florian
A Review by Robert Bovington
I have read a number of books relating to the Moors’ occupation of Spain including Washington Irving’s excellent “Chronicles
of the Conquest of Granada” and “Tales of the Alhambra. “History of the Moors of Spain” by M.Florian is an even more comprehensive account, at times too much so. It sometimes reads like the Book of Genesis with its frequent mention of who beget whom. Despite the occasional tedium, the book is a well-constructed history. It also contains a great deal that I find interesting, particularly the description of the Alhambra and Generalife.
The book has four main sections corresponding to four distinct epochs. The first covers the period 711-750, starting from when Tariq-Ibn-Zeyad and his army crossed the Straits of Gibraltar, which marked the beginning of the Muslim domination in Spain. This period ends with the Umayyad Caliphs of Damascus being relocated in Córdoba. This first section of the book also includes events in Asia and Africa during the 6th & 7th centuries that led to the spread of Islamism prior to the occupation of Iberia.
The second section of the book includes the reigns of the Caliphs in the west: the third relates to the various small Taifa kingdoms erected from the ruins of the Caliphate of Córdoba. The fourth part covers the prominent events in the lives of the rulers of the Kingdom of Granada. It culminates with the final expulsion of the Moors from Spain and, of course, includes the fall of Granada in 1492.
French author M.Florian wrote the book in the 18th century but my Kindle version was published in 1910 and translated into English by an American lady whose name I haven’t been able to ascertain. Anyway, she did a good job and, all in all, this book is comprehensive history of the Moors in Spain.
Robert Bovington
Roquetas de Mar June 2011

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Page 294 - My kingdom is not of this world : if my kingdom were of this world, then would my servants fight : . . . . but now is my kingdom not from hence.
Page 274 - ... whosoever therefore purposeth to go on pilgrimage therein, let him not know a woman, nor transgress, nor quarrel in the pilgrimage. The good which ye do, God knoweth it. Make provision for your journey ; but the best provision is piety : and fear me, O ye of understanding. It shall be no crime in you, if ye seek an increase from your Lord, by trading during the pilgrimage.
Page 247 - Who has not mourned too over the fate of the last remnant of chivalry, the fall of the mussulman empire in Spain ? Who has not felt his bosom swell with admiration towards that brave and generous nation, of whose reign for eight centuries it is observed, that, even by the historians of their enemies...
Page 243 - The most subtle spirit, which he suspected to pervade natural bodies, and lying concealed in them, to cause attraction and repulsion ; the emission, reflection, and refraction of light ; electricity, calefaction, sensation, and muscular motion, is described by the Hindus as a fifth element, endued with those very powers ; and the Vedas abound with allusions to a force universally attractive, which they chiefly ascribe to the Sun, thence called Aditya, or the Attractor...
Page 248 - ... thousand manuscripts. The African writers dwell with pride and satisfaction on the literary institutions which adorned the towns on the northern coast of their sandy plain. The sun of science arose even in Africa, and the manners of the Moorish savage were softened by philosophy. Their brethren in Europe amassed numerous and magnificent collections ; two hundred and eighty thousand volumes were in Cordova, and more than seventy libraries were open to public curiosity in the kingdom of Andalusia.
Page 273 - Rhamadan of the TURKS, during which the poor wretches, for many days, often in the hottest months of the year, and in some of the hottest climates of the world, remain without eating or drinking from the rising to the setting sun; this Rhamadan, I say, must be more severe than the practice of any moral duty, even to the most vicious and depraved of mankind.
Page 235 - ... him in splendid apparel, their belts glittering with gold and gems. Near them were seven thousand eunuchs, four thousand of them white, the remainder black.
Page 232 - To the Jews and Christians was left the somewhat milder alternative, of subjection and tribute, if they persisted in their own religion, or of an equal participation in the rights and liberties, the honors and privileges, of the faithful, if they embraced the religion of their conquerors.
Page 200 - Alpuxares, where he sustained the cause of his injured countrymen for the space of two years. At the end of that time he was assassinated by his own people.
Page 243 - Sufis; that most subtil spirit, which he suspected to pervade natural bodies, and, lying concealed in them, to cause attraction and repulsion; the emission, reflection, and refraction of light; electricity, calefaction, sensation, and muscular motion; is described by the Hindus as a fifth element, endued with those very powers...

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