A History of the Byzantine State and Society
This is the first comprehensive and up-to-date history of Byzantium to appear in almost sixty years, and the first ever to cover both the Byzantine state and Byzantine society. It begins in A.D. 285, when the emperor Diocletian separated what became Byzantium from the western Roman Empire, and ends in 1461, when the last Byzantine outposts fell to the Ottoman Turks.
Spanning twelve centuries and three continents, the Byzantine Empire linked the ancient and modern worlds, shaping and transmitting Greek, Roman, and Christian traditions including the Greek classics, Roman law, and Christian theology that remain vigorous today, not only in Eastern Europe and the Middle East but throughout Western civilization. Though in its politics Byzantium often resembled a third-world dictatorship, it has never yet been matched in maintaining a single state for so long, over a wide area inhabited by heterogeneous peoples.
Drawing on a wealth of original sources and modern works, the author treats political and social developments as a single vivid story, told partly in detailed narrative and partly in essays that clarify long-term changes. He avoids stereotypes and rejects such old and new historical orthodoxies as the persistent weakness of the Byzantine economy and the pervasive importance of holy men in Late Antiquity.
Without neglecting underlying social, cultural, and economic trends, the author shows the often crucial impact of nearly a hundred Byzantine emperors and empresses. What the emperor or empress did, or did not do, could rapidly confront ordinary Byzantines with economic ruin, new religious doctrines, or conquest by a foreign power. Much attention is paid to the complex life of the court and bureaucracy that has given us the adjective "byzantine." The major personalities include such famous names as Constantine, Justinian, Theodora, and Heraclius, along with lesser-known figures like Constans II, Irene, Basil II the Bulgar-Slayer, and Michael VIII Palaeologus.
Byzantine civilization emerges as durable, creative, and realistic, overcoming repeated setbacks to remain prosperous almost to the end. With 221 illustrations and 18 maps that complement the text, A History of the Byzantine State and Society should long remain the standard history of Byzantium not just for students and scholars but for all readers.
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A history of the Byzantine state and societyUser Review - Not Available - Book Verdict
The last few years have seen a renewed interest in Byzantium (e.g., John J. Norwich's A Short History of Byzantium, LJ 4/1/97, and Treadgold's previous Byzantium and Its Army 284-1081, Stanford Univ ... Read full review
The Refoundation of the Empire 284337
The State Under Strain 337395
The Danger of Barbarization 395457
The Eastern Recovery 457518
The Reconquests and the Plague 518565
The Danger of Overextension 565610
A Divided Society 457610
Erratic Government 10251081
Improvised Reconstruction 10811143
Diminishing Security 11431204
A Restless Society 10251204
The Successor States 12041261
The Restored Empire 12611328
The Breakdown 13281391
The End of Byzantine Independence 1391 1461
PART in The Contained Catastrophe
The War of Attrition 668717
The Passing of the Crisis 717780
The Shrinking of Society 610780
Internal Reforms 780842
External Gains 842912
The Gains Secured 912963
The Great Conquests 9631025
The Expansion of Society 7801025
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Africa Alexius allies Anastasius Anatolia Andronicus Antioch Arabs Armenia army Asia Minor attack Avars Balkans Bardas Basil Basil II became began Belisarius besieged bishops Bulgarian Bulgars Byzan Byzantine Byzantium caliph campaign Cantacuzenus capital captured century Christian church commander Comnenus conquest Constans Constantine Constantine VII Constantinople council Crusaders Danube defeated defend died Diocletian Ducas East eastern Egypt emperor empire empire's Epirus Fatimids fleet force frontier Greece Greek Heraclius hyperpyra Iconoclasm Illyricum imperial invaded Italy John Justinian Khusrau land Latin Manuel master of soldiers Mesopotamia Michael military monasteries Monophysites Nicaea Nicephorus Nicephorus II nomismata officials Opsician Ostrogoths pagan patriarch peace Pechenegs Peloponnesus Persians Phocas Photo plague pope probably raided rebels reign remained revenue revolt Roman ruler sacked Saint seems sent Sicily Slavs strategus sultan Symeon Syria tagmata taxes territory themes Theodore Theodosius Thessalonica thousand Thrace Thracesian took Treadgold Trebizond troops Turkish Turks Tzimisces Vatatzes Venetians West western
Page 875 - JB Bury, A History of the Later Roman Empire from the Death of Theodosius I to the Death of Justinian (395-565), 2 Bde, London 1923.
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