Leadership Strategies, Economic Activity, and Interregional Interaction: Social Complexity in Northeast China

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Springer Science & Business Media, Apr 30, 1999 - History - 280 pages
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An attempt to render Chinese archaeology more accessible to Western readers through a detailed case study of approximately 16,000 years of cultural development in northeastern China. The author addresses prehistoric sociopolitical processes in the Dongbei region through an analysis of both his and other researchers' field data and demonstrates the potential contribution of conducting archaeological research into anthropology-related issues in China.
 

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Contents

Introduction
1
Reconciling the Dichotomies
9
Social Evolution AntiEvolution and Heterarchy
10
Indigenous Processes and External Influences
16
Active Factor or EpiPhenomenon
25
Managerial Versus Exploitative Leadership
31
Formalist and Substantivist Views on Prehistoric Economy
34
Multidimensional Framework for the Study of Sociopolitical Change
39
Political Organization of the Lower Xiajiadian Polity
121
Sociopolitical Synthesis of the Lower Xiajiadian System
137
Upper Xiajiadian Period c 1000600 BC
143
Habitation Sites
146
Burials and Cemeteries
148
Artifacts of the Upper Xiajiadian Period
151
Stone Artifacts
153
Bone Artifacts
154

The Paradigm of Chinese Archaeology and the Archaeology of Northeast China
47
The Development of Chinese Archaeology
48
The Archaeology of the Chifeng Area and of Northeast China
53
Theoretical and Methodological Considerations
60
Methodological Considerations
61
Methodology
62
Geographic Background
67
Geography of the Survey Area
68
Prehistoric Environmental and Climatic Changes
69
Hongshan and Related Cultures c 45002200 BC
73
Habitation Sites and Domestic Artifacts
76
Graves Ritual Sites and Associated Objects
79
Social Complexity of the Hongshan Polities
83
A Transition Period
84
Lower Xiajiadian Period c 23001600 BC
89
Structures and Artifacts Found at Lower Xiajiadian Sites
91
Internal Site Organization
95
Houses and Domestic Structures
96
Artifacts
101
Burials and Cemeteries
110
Site Locations
115
Geographic Limits of the Lower Xiajiadian Polity
118
Economic Base and Craft Specialization
119
Bronze Artifacts
155
Economic Base
161
Social Complexity among Upper Xiajiadian Polities
163
WarringStates to the Han 5th Century BC to 3rd Century AD and Liao 10th to 12th Century AD Periods
179
General Considerations
180
Environmental Changes and Agricultural Production
181
Diachronic Analysis of Processes in the Chifeng Area and Northeast China
185
Ideology and Sociopolitical Change
188
Population Aggregation and Political Hierarchy
192
The Emergence of Pastoralism
193
Interregional Interaction and Social Changes in Northeast China
199
Interregional Interaction during the Lower Xiajiadian Period
200
Interregional Interactions during the Upper Xiajiadian Period
212
Conclusions and Suggestions for Future Archaeological Research in the Chifeng Area
227
Multidimensional Conjunction and Types of Sociopolitical Entities
231
Future Research in the Chifeng Area
234
Suggestions for Future Research into the Hongshan Period
235
Suggestions for Future Research into the Lower Xiajiadian Period
236
Suggestions for Future Research into the Upper Xiajiadian Period
239
Glossary of Chinese Terms
243
References
247
Index
265
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