Mixed-Member Electoral Systems: The Best of Both Worlds?

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Matthew Shugart, Martin P. Wattenberg
OUP Oxford, Feb 1, 2001 - Political Science - 676 pages
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Mixed-member electoral systems may well be the electoral reform of the 21st century, much as proportional representation (PR) was in the 20th century. In the view of many electoral reformers, mixed-member systems offer the best of both the traditional British single-seat district system and PR systems. This book seeks to evaluate: why mixed-member systems have recently appealed to many countries with diverse electoral histories; and how well expectations for these systems have been met. Each major country, which has adopted a mixed system thus, has two chapters in this book, one on origins and one on consequences. These countries are Germany, New Zealand, Italy, Israel, Japan, Venezuela, Bolivia, Mexico, Hungary, and Russia. In addition, there are also chapters on the prospects for a mixed-member system being adopted in Britain and Canada, respectively. The material presented suggests that mixed-member systems have been largely successful thus far. They appear to be more likely than most other electoral systems to generate two-bloc party systems, without in the process reducing minor parties to insignificance. In addition, they are more likely than any other class of electoral system to simultaneously generate local accountability as well as a nationally-oriented party system. Mixed-member electoral systems have now joined majoritarian and proportional systems as basic options which must be considered whenever electoral systems are designed or redesigned. Such a development represents a fundamental change in thinking about electoral systems around the world.
 

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Contents

I
1
II
7
III
9
IV
25
V
53
VI
55
VII
70
VIII
96
XVII
279
XIX
297
XX
323
XXI
351
XXII
380
XXIII
404
XXIV
432
XXV
447

IX
123
X
152
XI
173
XII
194
XIII
209
XIV
231
XV
255
XVI
277
XXVI
477
XXVII
494
XXVIII
519
XXIX
521
XXX
542
XXXI
571
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About the author (2001)

Martin P. Wattenberg is Professor of Political Science at the University of California, Irvine.

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