English Language Learner Programs and Services: A Case Study of Nebraska Middle Schools
Five themes emerged from the interviews. These themes were: People Make the Difference; Training and Professional Development is Essential; Curriculum and Materials Vary; Thoughtful Programming for Student Needs is Critical; and, A Positive School Culture and Climate is Necessary. These themes were described in detail. The researcher found that a wide range of services existed for ELL students across the state of Nebraska. Types of services varied from school to school, and often depended on the size of the ELL population in the school. The informants also discussed training opportunities that existed for general education teachers, ELL teachers, and other support staff members. Training of personnel emerged as an area that each of the schools that participated in this study reviewed as an area for continued growth. In general, this study found that a wide variety of ELL programs, resources, and training opportunities are being utilized in schools across the state of Nebraska to meet the emerging needs of ELL students and families.
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Chapter TwoReview of Literature
List of Tables
Pseudonyms and Demographic Information
Demographics of Participants
12 schools academic Adams Middle School assessment Barb bi-lingual Carter Middle School Clark Middle School classes contained grades content area culture Department of Education described dual language program Echevarria Education website ELDA ELL curriculum ELL endorsement ELL population ELL program ELL students ELL teacher English Language Learners enrollment Ford Middle School free or reduced Harvard Middle School Herrera & Murry Highpoint Hill & Flynn Hispanic identified as English instructional strategies interviews Kelley Middle School Kevin kids learning Lee Middle School Lewis Middle Linda literacy Master’s degree meet the needs Meltzer & Hamann Merriam Michelle mobility rate Nebraska State Department needs of ELL Norma North Middle School number of ELL number of students Oxford para-educators parents participants Pinewood Middle School principal professional development schedule school districts scores Sheltered Instruction SIOP staff members Steve teaching themes type of program understanding unique experience utilized vocabulary development Washington Middle School