The Life and Times of Erik the Red
Few people recall the name of Eirik Thorvaldsson, who began life in Jaederen, Norway, around 950. When he was nine years old, his father killed a man—or maybe two—and was forced to flee with his family to Iceland. Young Eirik grew up in the harsh environs of that wind-swept isle in the North Atlantic. Harsh lands breed harsh men, and Eirik fit the mold. Like his father before him, he battled with neighbors and killed several men in blood feuds. Banished from Iceland for three years, he sailed west to seek refuge in an unexplored land. After three years in exile, Eirik returned to Iceland with tales of his discoveries in that new land to the west. He called it “Greenland” to entice others to join him there. Around 985, he sailed west again from Iceland with twenty-five ships of colonists. History records him as the founder of the first European settlement in Greenland and the father of Leif Eriksson. People remember him best as Erik the Red.
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a-viking according to Erik’s Althing battle blood feud Brattahlid called Cape Farewell centuries Chapter Christianity coast coastal coastline colonists Danes Denmark Eastern Settlement Eirik Eiriksfjord Eiriksstadir Erik the Red Erik’s Saga explorer Eyjolf Eystribyggo farm farmsteads father full name became Gardar Gardarsholm godar Greenland Gwyn Jones Haukadal historians History Hjorleif Hornstrandir Ibid Iceland Info Ingolf Arnarson Inuit island Jaederen kilometers knörr known land lawmaking assembly Leif Eriksson Leif’s meters Mjöllnir Norse Discovery Norse gods Norse Greenland Norse mythology Norsemen North America North Atlantic Northmen Norway Norwegian Odin Örnólfur Thorsson editor outlawry pagan Project Gutenberg Ragnarök raiders Red’s Saga http://www.gutenberg.org Reykjavík sailed Scandinavian scholars settlement in Iceland settlers sheltered fjords southwest Norway STUFF OF LEGENDS Svein Forkbeard Thing assembly thingmenn Thingvellir Thjodhild Thjodhild’s Church Thor Thorgest Thorstein Thorvald Asvaldsson Thorvaldsson trade ship Valhalla Vatnshorn Viking Age Viking raid Vinland voyage warriors Warships waters wealthy chieftains