The Korean Alphabet: Its History and Structure
University of Hawaii Press, 1997 - Language Arts & Disciplines - 317 pages
The Korean alphabet, commonly known as han'gul, has been called one of the greatest intellectual achievements of humankind. Experts agree that few writing systems can match its simplicity and efficiency, its elegance and intelligence.
The only alphabet completely native to East Asia, han'gul distinguishes itself among writing systems of the world with its scientific qualities and unusual linguistic fit to the Korean language. Most strikingly, the theoretical underpinnings of the language, as well as the time and circumstances of its creation, are clearly known and recorded. Han'gul was invented in 1443 and promulgated in 1446 by King Sejong (1418-1450), sage ruler of the Yi dynasty (1392-1910).
This volume, the first book-length work on han'gul in English by Korean-language specialists, is comprised of ten essays by the most active scholars of the Korean writing system. An instructive commentary by eminent linguist Samuel Martin follows, offering perceptive comments on the essays as well as a discussion on Martin's own research findings on the script.
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The Inventor of the Korean Alphabet
The International Linguistic Background of the Correct Sounds for the Instruction of the People
The Principles Underlying the Invention of the Korean Alphabet
Graphical Ingenuity in the Korean Writing System With New Reference to Calligraphy
The Vowel System of the Korean Alphabet and Korean Readings of Chinese Characters
The Invention of the Alphabet and the History of the Korean Language
The Structure of Phonological Units in Hangul
Experimentation with Hangul in Russia and the USSR 19141937
A Brief Description of the Korean Alphabet
Photographs of the Hummin chong um and Hummin chongum haerye
Photographs of a Page of a North Korean Newspaper and a Page of a South Korean Newspaper
Comparison of Romanization Systems
The Phonological Analysis Reflected in the Korean Writing System
Orthographic Divergence in South and North Korea Toward an Unified Spelling System