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absolute monarchy Achaean league ancient ancient Greece Aristotle Aristotle's assembly assembly of freemen Athens become causes century B.C. chap chief citizens civilisation compared conceive conquered conquest constitution council country-state democracy democratic Demos despotism doubtless earliest elected elements England Ephors established European fact favour federal feudal form of government fourth century freemen functions German German tribes gradually Greece Greek city-states hand hereditary Homeric ideal imitation important independent influence Isocrates Italy king kingship land later lecture legislation limited Macedonian magistrates medieval Megara ment modern monarchy natural nobles normally oligarchy oppressive organisation original partly patriarchal period Plato plebeians political development political institutions Political Science political society polity Polybius practically predominance race recognised regards Roman law Rome rule seems senate Sparta struggle supreme Tacitus tendency tends tion towns trace transition tribes Tyrannis Western Europe
Page 357 - ... that nature should thus dissociate and render men apt to invade and destroy one another; and he may therefore, not trusting to this inference made from the passions, desire perhaps to have the same confirmed by experience.
Page 357 - And as small families did then; so now do cities and kingdoms, which are but greater families, for their own security, enlarge their dominions, upon all pretences of danger, and fear of invasion, or assistance that may be given to invaders, and endeavour as much as they can, to subdue, or weaken their neighbours, by open force and secret arts, for want of other caution, justly; and are remembered for it in after ages with honour.
Page 363 - Secondly: in the state of nature there wants a known and indifferent judge, with authority to determine all differences according to the established law. For every one in that state being both judge and executioner of the law of nature, men being partial to themselves, passion and revenge is very apt to carry them too far, and with too much heat in their own cases, as well as negligence and unconcernedness to make them too remiss in other men's.
Page 362 - To which in the state of nature there are many things wanting. First, There wants an established, settled, known law, received and allowed by common consent to be the standard of right and wrong, and the common measure to decide all controversies between them: for though the law of nature...
Page 363 - For every one in that state being both judge and executioner of the law of Nature, men being partial to themselves, passion and revenge is very apt to carry them too far, and with too much heat in their own cases, as well as negligence and unconcernedness, make them too remiss in other men's.
Page 367 - And because it may be too great a temptation to human frailty, apt to grasp at power, for the same persons who have the power of making laws to have also in their hands the power to execute them, whereby they may exempt themselves from obedience to the laws they make, and suit the law, both in its making and execution, to their own private advantage...
Page 405 - THE power of the crown has increased, is increasing, and ought to be diminished...
Page 362 - For though the law of nature be plain and intelligible to all rational creatures; yet men, being biased by their interest, as well as ignorant for want of study of it, are not apt to allow of it as a law binding to them in the application of it to their particular cases.
Page 227 - Behold, I have put My words in your mouth. See, I have this day set you over the nations and over the kingdoms, to root out and to pull down, to destroy and to throw down, to build and to plant.