A Handbook of the World's Conifers (2 Vols.)
Conifers are known to everyone as a conspicuous kind of evergreen trees or shrubs that feature prominently in gardens and parks as well as in many managed forests in the cool to cold temperate regions of the Northern Hemisphere. Numerous books have been written about them and continue to appear, mostly with a bias towards these uses in Europe and North America. This new handbook of the conifers is departing from this traditional approach in that it includes all the world's 615 species of conifers, of which some 200 occur in the tropics. It gives as much information about these and the Southern Hemisphere conifers as about the better known species, drawing on research into the taxonomy, biology, ecology, distribution and uses by the author over nearly 30 years. The result is a truly encyclopedic work, a true handbook of all the world's conifers, richly illustrated by the author with his line drawings and photographs taken from the natural habitats of the species.
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The conifers of the world an introduction
The distribution and ecology of conifers
The economic importance of conifers
The conservation of conifer diversity
Synopsis of families and genera
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abaxial Abies acute adaxial adult leaves Agathis altitudinal range apex appressed assurgent axillary Bark base bracts cm long cm wide conical conifers Conservation IUCN crown Cupressaceae Cupressus curved cylindrical dark brown deciduous decurrent decussate dense Description Trees diam dioecious Ecology erect Etymology The species ﬁr ﬁres ﬁssured ﬂakes ﬂat ﬂattened Foliage branches Foliage branchlets forest glabrous glaucous globose green grey grey-brown grooved holotype imbricate incurved Iuniperus keeled leaf colour Leaves in fascicles lectotype less light brown Mexico microsporophylls mm long monoecious monopodial montane mountain obtuse occurs ovoid ovoid-oblong peduncles pendulous persistent Picea pine Pinus Podocarpaceae Pollen cones pollen sacs purplish recurved reddish brown resinous rhombic scale leaves scaly Seed cones Seed cones terminal Seed scales seed wings shoots short shrubs Sichuan Silba slender slightly smooth species epithet stomata straight subglobose subsp tall Taxonomic notes TDWG codes thick triangular trunk Tsuga Type ultimate branchlets umbo whorls Yunnan