Basic Concepts

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Indiana University Press, 1998 - Philosophy - 110 pages
Basic Concepts, one of the first texts to appear in English from the critical later period of Martin Heidegger's thought, strikes out in new directions. First published in German in 1981 as Grundbegriffe (volume 51 of Martin Heidegger's collected works), it is the text of a lecture course that Heidegger gave at Freiburg in the winter semester of 1941 during the phase of his thinking known as the "turning". In this transition Heidegger shifted his attention from the problem of the meaning of being to the question of the truth of being. The text consists of an introduction and two parts. In the introduction Heidegger explains the meaning of his title as "concepts of ground". Part One, divided into three sections, attempts to thematize the difference between being and beings. The first section takes up the metaphysical, logical, grammatical, and everyday meanings of the verb "to be" and shows their inadequacy. The second section, a strikingly original discussion, examines a series of eight directives for reflecting on being. The third section shifts from being toward man and points to the discord between the two. In Part Two, Heidegger interprets two fragments by Anaximander to recover an "incipient saying of Being" that is poetic rather than metaphysical. In this clear translation by Gary E. Aylesworth, Basic Concepts provides a concise introduction to Heidegger's later thought.

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User Review  - thoughtcorner - LibraryThing

This could be a useful 'introduction' to the later Heidegger. The course is from 1941, I believe. It is very short and what Heidegger seeks to do in this course is to swiftly articulate what he means ... Read full review


The Internal Connection between GroundBeingInception
Practicing the relation to what is thoughtworthy
First Division
presupposition for its being a copula
Guidewords for Reflection upon Being
11 Being is the most wornout and at the same time the origin
16 Unifying reflection upon being in the sequence of guidewords
Third Division
19 Remembrance into the first inception of Western thinking
Remembrance into the first inception is placement
24 The second sentence thinks being in correspondence with
EDITors Epilogue

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Page viii - Take into care beings as a whole." And if we attempt to think the whole of beings at once, then we think, roughly enough, this: that the whole of beings "is," and we consider what it "is." We think the whole of beings, everything that is, in its being. In so doing we think at first something indeterminate and fleeting, and yet we also mean something for which we find nothing comparable, something singular. For the whole of beings does not occur twice, otherwise it wouldn't be what we mean. To what...

About the author (1998)

Gary E. Aylesworth teaches philosophy at Eastern Illinois University.

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