From a Virgin Womb: The Apocalypse of Adam and the Virgin Birth
Scholarly researches on the virgin birth have often focussed rather narrowly on the theological and historical difficulties it tends to raise. The Nag Hammadi Apocalypse of Adam, however, provides for the first time a glimpse into the wider background of ideas and myths to which it belonged. Prophecies there concerning a universal 'Illuminator' mention his birth 'from a virgin womb'. Several of the stories, drawn from Iranian and other sources , also appear in apocalyptic and testamental literature contemporary with Christian origins. The book centrally analyses a body of extraordinarily detailed narrative parallels between a cluster of stories in the Apocalypse and the infancy narratives of Mt. 1-2, concluding that these stories serve to identify Jesus as the True Prophet who is the fulfilment of history - though not as Son of God. The question of Mt.'s special tradition and its relation to Lk. is also cast in a new light.
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1QApGen allusion already angels ApocAd Apocalypse of Adam apocalyptic appearance astrology Avesta background biblical Böhlig born Boyce Brown Bundahiˇsn century B.C. child Christian conception connection cosmic cycle D¯enkart diﬀerent divine Duchesne-Guillemin Enoch eschatological esoteric Essene evangelist Far¯ıd¯un ﬁgure ﬁnal ﬁnally ﬁnd ﬁre ﬁrst fulﬁlled fulﬁlment Gay¯omart Glory Gnostic God’s Gospel haoma heavenly heroes ideas identiﬁed Illuminator infancy narratives inﬂuence interpretation Iranian Prophetology Israel Jesus Jewish Jewish-Christian Jubilees Judaism Kebra Nagast Kereˇs¯asp king legend legendary Leiden Magi material Matthaean Matthew Messiah Mithra mother motif myth mythic mythology Nag Hammadi Noah oﬀers Ohrmazd Old Testament original Pahlavi parallels patriarchal priestly prophecy prophet prototype Pseudepigrapha Queen Qumran reﬂection Religion religious revelation role S¯am Saoˇsyant Sethian Shahnameh signiﬁcance Solomon sources speciﬁcally spiritual story syncretistic theme Thirteenth Kingdom tion tradition twelve kingdoms virgin birth vision Welburn wisdom xvarenah Yaˇst Yasna Yima Z¯al Zarathustra Zarathustra-legend Zoroaster Zoroastrian