Recent Advances in Neurotraumatology
Norio Nakamura, Takuo Hashimoto, Masaharu Yasue
Springer Japan, Mar 31, 1993 - Medical - 483 pages
The dawn of neurosurgery can be traced back to the first description preserved in the Edwin Smith papyrus' (3000 Be) which dealt with head and spinal injury. In the course of 5000 years, since the first record in Egypt, advances in lifestyle and technology have brought about our modern civilized society. However, as a result of civilization, currently the total number of severe head injuries worldwide is believed to exceed 10000000 and the number of severe spinal injuries is believed to be more than 75 000 each year. This means that central nervous system injury is not only the oldest topic in neurosurgery, but that it is also of critical importance in modern life. Taking these problems into consideration, the International Neurotraumatology Committee was organized in 1965 as an affiliated Committee of the World Federation of Neurosurgical Societies. The first scientific meeting was convened by the Committee in Marseilles in 1970. Nine further meetings were subsequently held, in Europe, Africa, and South America. The meeting was first named "International Conference on Recent Advances in Neurotrauma tology" (ICRAN) by Professor Phillip Harris, when the scientific meeting was held in Edinburgh in 1982. The tenth meeting, (ICRAN 1992), the first one in Asia, was held at Karuizawa, Japan, from September 23rd to 26th, 1992.
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10 Acute Epidual and Subdrual Hematoma
The Management of Acute Neurotrauma in Rural and Remote Locations
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acid activity acute subdural hematoma arachnoid cyst b-FGF basal brain injury brain stem brain swelling burr hole cells cerebral blood flow cerebral contusion chronic SDH chronic subdural hematoma clinical coma cortex CSDH CT scan damage decompressed brain decreased demonstrated density Department of Neurosurgery developed diffuse axonal injury diffuse brain diffuse brain injury drainage edema epidural hematoma evaluated factors fibrinolytic findings fluid-blood fracture free radicals frontal Glasgow Coma Scale Glasgow Outcome Scale head trauma helmet hemorrhage Hospital hours after injury imaging impact increase Japan SUMMARY KEY WORDS lesions MATERIALS AND METHODS measured metabolism neurological neurons Neurosurg Neurosurgery neurotrauma normal outcome PAFAH patients perfusion plasma postoperative rats rCBF recurrence severe head injury showed skull SPECT spinal cord subdural fluid collection surgery surgical symptoms Table thalamic therapy Tokyo treatment white matter