National rhythms, African roots: the deep history of Latin American popular dance
When John Charles Chasteen learned that Simón Bolívar, the Liberator, danced on a banquet table to celebrate Latin American independence in 1824, he tried to visualise the scene. How, he wondered, did the Liberator dance? Did he bounce stiffly in his dress uniform? Or did he move his hips? In other words, how high had African dance influences reached in Latin American societies? A vast social gap separated Bolívar from people of African descent; however, Chasteen's research shows that popular culture could bridge the gap. Fast-paced and often funny, this book explores the history of Latin American popular dance before the twentieth century. Chasteen first focuses on Havana, Buenos Aires, and Rio de Janeiro, where dances featuring a "transgressive close embrace" (forerunners of today's salsa, tango, and samba) emerged by 1900. Then, digging deeper in time, Chasteen uncovers the historical experiences that moulded Latin American popular dance, including carnival celebrations, the social lives of slaves, European fashions, and, oddly enough, religious processions. The relationship between Latin American dance and nationalism, it turns out, is very deep, indeed.
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The Transgressive Close Embrace
Tia Ciatas House Rio de Janeiro
The Deep History of Latin American
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African descent African roots America's national rhythms Argentine Bahia Baianas baile black nations blackface Brazil Brazilian Broma Buenos Aires cabildos called candombe Catholic celebration choreography Cidade cielito city's colonial comparsas Congo contradance couple criollo Cuba Cuba's Cuban Cucumbys culture dance history dance-of-two danza danzon decent diasporic drums early elite Epiphany European example fado Failde February Festas festival fofa gaucho Gazeta Gottschalk groups habanera Havana hips Juan Moreira king Latin America Latin America's national Lisbon lundu Maria Matanzas maxixe mestizaje Miguel milonga minuet Montevideo montonero Moraes Filho Morena movement mulata music and dance música musicians myth national dances negros neo-African nations nineteenth century paiz Pereira performed pericon Plata played Podesta polka popular dance Portugal Portuguese procession Rio de Janeiro Rio's carnival Rosas salsa samba slaves social dance society Spanish street dancers style tango theater Tia Ciata transgressive dancing triunfo troupes University Press waltz women word zarabanda