The Aphorisms of Siva: The Siva Sutra with Bhaskara's Commentary, the Varttika
The Shiva Sutra was revealed to Vasugupta by Shiva in order to counter the effects of dualism. This revelation initiated the hermeneutics of syntheses and exegesis climaxed by the great Abhinavagupta. The Shiva Sutra is the most important scripture in the Trika system of Kashmir Shaivism. As a book on yoga, it explains the nature and cause of bondage and the means to liberation from bondage.
Bhaskara is in the direct lineage of Vasugupta. To Bhaskara's commentary, Mark Dyczkowski has added his translation of an anonymous commentary as an aid to understanding Bhaskara's interpretation. This anonymous writer also serves as a bridge between Ksemaraja's and Bhaskara's commentaries, drawing from both. The commentary on each sutra is thus in three layers. Bhaskara's commentary is first, followed by the anonymous commentary, after which Dyczkowski adds his own exposition and compares Bhaskara and Ksemaraja.
Ksemaraja's commentary, the Vimarsini, has been translated by Jaideva Singh and published by SUNY Press under the title Siva Sutra.
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Abhinava Abhinavagupta abides absorption activity aesthetic delight Aghora aphorism Aphorisms of Siva arises attains awakened yogi Bhairava Bhaskara bindu bliss called centre commentary conscious nature contemplation cosmic creation deep sleep delusion diversity divine elements emergence essential nature expansion explained Exposition Ksemaraja external fettered soul freedom Goddess Ibid impurity individual soul inherent innate inner kala karma Kashmiri knowledge and action Kundalim Kundalini liberated light of consciousness Lord manifest Mantra Matrka Maya means mind movement Mudra ness obscuring one's own nature outer perception pervades phonemes plane power of action power of consciousness practise prana principles pure awareness pure consciousness Pure Knowledge realisation reality reflective awareness S.Su.vi Saivism Sakti samadhi Sanskrit sattva sciousness senses siddhi Siva's Sp.Ka spanda speech Stanzas on Vibration subtle body supreme Sv.T svatantrya Tantraloka things thought constructs tion true nature unfolding unity universal consciousness Vasugupta vedana verse virya vital breath waking Yoga yogi yogi's yogic