Dreams and Dream Narratives in the Biblical World
This study of dream accounts in the Bible and in ancient Near Eastern literature suggests two main lines of interpretation: on the one hand it defines the function of dream accounts from a literary, social, political and religious point of view on the basis of literary genre (practitioners' manuals, royal inscriptions, prophetic texts, etc.). On the other hand, in adopting a rather larger typology than is usual (message dreams, symbolic dreams, but also prophetic, premonitory and judgment dreams), it seeks to clarify both the relationship between the fiction implied by the literary form and the actual dream experience of individuals, as well as the different ritual practices related to this experience (interpretation, conjuration, incubation, etc.).
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according allusion ancient appears attested awakening Balaam belong biblical context Daniel Deir Alla described Deuteronomistic Deuteronomistic redactor dialogue divinatory divine dream accounts Dream Book dream experience dream Gen dream interpretation dream narratives dream reports dreamer dreams and visions element Elohist Enkidu epic expression fact formula function Genesis Genesis 37 Gibeon Gilgames give God’s goddess gods Greek Gudea Hebrew hinnéh Hittite hºlòm incubation incubation ritual inscription inspired Israel Ištar Jacob’s Joseph story Joseph’s dreams Keret king king’s latter literary form lucid dreams Marduk means Mesopotamia message-dreams Nabonidus night nominal clause Old Testament oneiric experience oneiric theophany oneiromancy Oppenheim 1956 oracle oracular origin practices precise presages priest prophecy provoked question recounted redactional refer revelation ritual royal Šamaš sanctuary significance sleep Solomon speak specialists stela structure symbolic dreams tablet techniques theological theophany tion tradition Ugarit verb verses visionary wisdom word Yahweh