Drive Solutions: Mechatronics for Production and Logistics

Front Cover
Edwin Kiel
Springer Science & Business Media, Jan 10, 2008 - Technology & Engineering - 537 pages

Highly automated production and logistics facilities require mechatronic drive solutions. This book describes in which way the industrial production and logistics work and shows the structure of the drive solutions required for this purpose.

The functionality of the mechanical and electronic elements of a drive system including the software is described, and their basic dimensioning principles are explained. Furthermore the authors outline the engineering, reliability, and important aspects of the life cycle.

The great number of applications within the fields of conveying and material handling technology in continuous and cycled production lines and for machining processes are divided into twelve drive solutions. They comprise the motor, the inverter with its software, the gearbox, and mechanical drive elements. The specific requirements and the functionality of these twelve solutions are presented. The authors focus on the energy conversion with controlled electric drive systems.

 

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Contents

1 Introduction
1
2 Industrial production and automation
6
211 Goods produced
8
213 Production processes
13
214 Distribution of goods
21
22 Machines in production and logistics
25
221 Production equipment
26
222 Material flow systems
36
41 Conveyor drives
259
412 Mechanical design of conveyor systems
262
413 Drive systems for conveyors
272
42 Travelling drives
276
422 Material flow systems with travelling drives
277
423 Drive systems for travelling drives
281
43 Hoist drives
292
432 Mechanical design of hoists
293

23 Structure of automation systems
44
231 Controls
47
232 Actuators
57
233 Sensors
60
234 Visualisation and operation
62
235 Communication systems
63
236 Safety engineering
66
3 The drive system and its components
75
31 Dimensioning of drives
77
311 Linear and rotary motion
78
312 Work power and energy
79
313 Mass inertia
80
315 Friction
82
316 Process forces
83
317 Speed and torque of a motion sequence
84
318 Elastic coupling of the load
87
32 Operating conditions of drives
89
322 Ambient conditions
94
33 Motors
96
331 How threephase AC motors work
97
332 Standard threephase AC motors
102
333 Asynchronous and synchronous servo motors
108
334 Linear motors and direct drives
114
335 Operating limits of motors
118
336 Angle and rotational speed sensors
121
337 Motor brakes
126
34 Inverter
139
341 Power conversion
141
342 Mechanical layout
157
343 Control electronics and software
161
344 Drive control
164
345 Motion control
173
346 Communication systems in inverters
179
347 Safety functions in inverters
185
348 Electromagnetic compatibility
191
35 Gearboxes
201
352 Helical gearboxes
205
353 Planetary gearboxes
207
354 Bevel gearboxes
208
355 Worm gearboxes
210
356 Combining gearboxes with motors
211
36 Drive elements
213
361 Clutches
215
362 Couplings
216
363 Shafthub connections
220
364 Bearings
222
365 Traction drives
223
366 Linear transmission components
225
367 Nonlinear mechanisms
230
368 Guidance systems
233
37 Overall setup of the drive system
235
372 Drive component dimensioning
238
373 Optimisation of motion profiles
242
374 Oscillatory loads
244
38 Reliability of drive systems
246
381 Service life curve
248
382 Basis of calculation
249
383 Reliability of mechatronic drive technology
250
384 Reliability concepts during product development
251
4 Mechatronic drive solutions
256
433 Hoist drive systems
299
44 Positioning drives
310
442 Mechanical structure of positioning systems
312
443 Drive systems for positioning
313
45 Coordinated drives for robots
324
451 The technological process of handling
325
452 Application fields for robots
326
453 Mechanical structure of robots
328
454 Drive systems for robots
333
46 Synchronised drives
337
461 Technological processes
338
462 Machine types in processing lines
339
463 Mechanical transmission elements in processing lines
348
464 Drive systems for synchronised drives
350
47 Winding drives
357
471 Applications of winding drives
358
472 Machine types and drive elements for winders
361
473 Drive systems for winding drives
367
48 Intermittent drives for cross cutters and flying saws
378
481 Application of cross cutters and flying saws
379
482 Structure of cross cutters and flying saws
381
483 Drive systems for cross cutters and flying saws
387
49 Drives for electronic cams
389
491 Applications with cam drives
390
492 Operating principle of cam mechanisms
391
493 Drive systems for electronic cams
395
410 Drives for forming processes
405
4102 Machine types for forming processes
411
4103 Drive systems for forming processes
416
411 Main drives and tool drives
418
4111 Applications for main drives and tool drives
419
4112 Machines with main drives and tool drives
420
4113 Drive systems for main drives and tool drives
422
412 Drives for pumps and fans
425
4122 Mechanical structure of pumps and fans
430
4123 Drive systems for pumps and fans
436
413 Examples of applications in production and logistics plants
441
4132 Production of laminate flooring
443
4133 Fruit juice production and filling
445
4134 Logistics centre of a supermarket chain
447
4135 Automotive production
449
4136 Distribution of the drive solutions
451
414 Development trends
453
5 Engineering and life cycle costs of drives
459
511 Selection and dimensioning of drives
460
512 Configuration
469
513 Commissioning
478
514 Diagnostics and maintenance
479
52 Life cycle costs in drive technology
482
521 Definition of LCC and TCO
483
522 Overview of LCC forecasting models
484
523 Using drives to optimise life cycle costs
488
524 Energysaving drive concepts
494
525 Comprehensive evaluation of drive systems
497
Glossary
499
List of symbols
508
Bibliography
511
Acknowledgements for illustrations appearing this book
521
Index
524
Copyright

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About the author (2008)

Dr. Edwin Kiel (49) has been working in the field of controlled electric drives since he has completed his studies of electrical engineering (TU Braunschweig). 1994 he was received the Dr.-Ing. degree from Prof. Leonhard. He has been working at Lenze since 1998 and is director of innovation there. Dr. Kiel is an acknowledged expert in the fields of automation, mechatronics in production machines, and in the field of electric drive technology.

Lenze: innovative solutions

Being an expert for drive and automation technology, Lenze offers mechatronic drive solutions with scalable products and automation systems, including the corresponding range of services offered. The group of companies comprises more than 30 subsidiaries worldwide with production plants in Europe, China, and the US. Altogether Lenze employs about 3,300 employees, more than 300 of them are working in the field of research and development.

www.Lenze.de/en/drivesolutions

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