Travels in Arabia: Comprehending an Account of Those Territories in Hadjaz which the Mohammedans Regard as Sacred, Volume 2
John Lewis Burckhardt (1784-1817), the son of a Swiss Colonel undertook the journey to Mekkah in 1814. A master of the Arabic language and the Islamic religion, he assumed the guise of an Arab using the name of Sheikh Ibrahim in his travels, which he began in 1809 under the sponsorship of Sir Joseph Banks and the African Association. Burckhardt's description of the Hedjaz was the first accurate one to reach Europe. According to Leake in his preface ..." Burckhardt transmitted to the Association the most accurate and complete account of the Hedjaz, including the cities of Mekka and Medina, which has ever been received in Europe." His journals are invaluable for their observations on the Arab people and for his important geographical discoveries, including the site of Petra, Apameia, and the general structure of the peninsula of Mount Sinai. His knowledge of the Arabic language, and of Mohammedan manners, had enabled him to assumne the Muselman character with such success, that he resided in Mekka during the whole time of the pilgrimage, and passed through the various ceremonies of the occasion, without the slightest suspicion having arisen as to his real character. The folding plans include Makkah, Madinah, Wady Muna and Arafat.
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Akaba Arabian Arabs Arafat arrived Báb Baghdad Beder Bedouins Beishe belong Cairo called camels caravan carried coast Cosseir cultivated Damascus date-trees Derayeh Desert Djebel Djedeyde Djidda dollars douins dress east eastern Egypt Egyptian encamped eunuchs four gardens gate ground hadjys Haram Harb harbour Hedjaz Hedjra holy houses hundred ihram Imām inhabitants journey Kaaba Kadhy Kasym Koran Mahmal Medina Mekka Mesdjed Moggrebyn Mohammed Aly Mohammed Aly Pasha Moslims mosque Mount Arafat mountains Muna Nedjed neighbourhood neighbouring night passage passed piastres pilgrimage pilgrims plague plain prayers principal provisions quarters road route ruined Saoud Shammar Sheikh Sherif of Mekka ships side soldiers Soleyman spot stone street Suez Sultan Sultan of Egypt Syrian caravan Szafra tains Tayf tents thousand tion tomb Tousoun Pasha town travellers trees tribe Turkish valley village Wady Wady Fatme Wahabys wall whole Yembo Yemen Zohran Zul Hadj
Page 47 - Hedjaz were also joined ; and here they waited in solemn and respectful silence the conclusion of the sermon. Further removed from the preacher, was the Sherif Yahya, with his small body of soldiers, distinguished by several green standards carried before him. The two Mahmals, or holy camels, which carry on their...
Page 88 - ... normal between the twelfth and the sixteenth days. The eruption, which appears about the fifth day but occasionally as early as the second day, usually begins as a few spots which come on the abdomen or flexor surfaces of the forearms and, within 24 hours, becomes generalized. The rash rarely involves the palms of the hands, the soles of the feet or the face. Maxcy emphasizes the irregularity of the eruption in almost all of its features such as size, color, shape and distribution. In severe...
Page 164 - The stories, once prevalent in Europe, of the " Prophet's tomb being suspended in the air, are unknown in the " Hedjaz : nor have I ever heard them in other parts of the East.
Page 40 - Long streets of tents, fitted up as bazaars, furnished all kinds of provisions. The Syrian and Egyptian cavalry were exercised by their chiefs early in the morning, while thousands of camels were seen feeding upon the dry shrubs of the plain all round the camp.
Page 37 - We were several hours,' says Burckhardt, ' before we could reach the outskirts of the town, so great was the crowd of camels. Of the half-naked Hadjis, all dressed in the white ihram — some sat on their camels, mules, or asses, reading the Koran, — some ejaculated loud prayers, while others cursed their drivers, and quarrelled with those near them, who were choking up the passages.
Page 49 - ... who came to the hadj, and who from hence addressed their subjects in person. The Turkish gentleman of Constantinople, however, unused to camel-riding, could not keep his seat so well as the hardy Bedouin prophet ; and the camel becoming unruly, he was soon obliged to alight from it.
Page 173 - When we recollect that this spot is one of the holiest of the Mohammedan world, and celebrated for its splendour, magnificence, and costly ornaments, and that it is decorated with the united pious donations of all the devotees of that religion, we are still more forcibly struck with its paltry appearance. It will bear no comparison...
Page 50 - During the wavings of the ihrams,' says Burckhardt, 'the side of the mountain, thickly crowded as it was by the people in their white garments, had the appearance of a cataract of water ; while the green umbrellas, with which several thousand hadjis, sitting on their camels below, were provided, bore some resemblance to a verdant plain.
Page 161 - The enclosure, which defends the tomb from the too near approach of visiters, forms an irregular square of about twenty paces, in the midst of the colonnade, several of its pillars being included within it : it is an iron railing, painted green, about two-thirds...
Page 40 - Wahabys : here the pilgrims usually pray two rikats, in salutation of Arafat. The steps and the summit are covered with handkerchiefs to receive their pious gifts, and each, family of the Mekkawys or Bedouins of the tribe of Koreysh, in whose territory Arafat lies, has its particular spot assigned to it for this purpose. The summit commands a very extensive and singular prospect. I brought my compass to take a circle of bearings ; but the crowd was so great, that I could not use it. Towards the western...